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Franchisee Advice

What it Takes to Make it in Franchising

Janine Allis, founder of the international franchise, Boost Juice, recently visited South Africa and shared her views on what it takes to make it as a franchisee.

Chana Boucher

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Franchisee-Success

Q: What in your opinion makes a franchise business successful?

We believe it is the ‘Ps’ – people, product and position. People need to have a desire for what they do, that’s what is needed to grow a business. Our product has made the business transferable to other countries. We always look at what is available in the country before we launch. Having the best position is critical. The Boost Juice franchise is very much a walk-by concept so it is essential to find a location with high traffic. Apart from those three aspects, it is also important to market yourself properly. Whenever we open a new branch we have a big launch so that people can see us and taste the products. One other aspect is getting feedback from people. It is good to get this so that you can find ways to turn a disgruntled customer into a fan.

Q: What do you look for in a franchisee?

We look for like-minded people. We are not just interested in selling franchises, we want to find the right people with the right attitude. They need to have some business experience but the most successful franchisees have passion and an attitude to succeed. If you think franchising is going to be nice and easy then don’t get into the business. It takes a lot of blood, sweat and tears before you get the flexibility of being your own boss.

Q: So you do think there is flexibility in owning a franchise?

For the first two years you have to be involved in the business to run it. Retail is detail and you have to manage cash flow and expenses tightly.

Q: What are some of the most important qualities a franchisee should possess?

In a franchisee interview I look for the right attitude. Also I favour a husband and wife team as one will usually work on the business while the other still earns an income. This means there is less financial pressure in the early stages and they will usually have different skills that can complement each other. If the franchisee has no business experience, I recommend doing a few short courses, it is particularly important to have a basic understanding of accounting. Boost will teach you how to run the franchise, deal with customers, use the technology and improve sales but we don’t teach accountancy.

Q: What about getting outside help from a bookeeper?

It is a big mistake to hire a bookeeper; instead you should find an expert on software like Quickbooks. They can teach you how to do the basics so that you are handling every invoice and paying everyone. The products are amazing for small businesses. If you do your own accounts you will pick up mistakes that quite possibly a bookeeper wouldn’t. It is vital to take the time to learn. Don’t just say that you are too busy in the store, if you are not doing your own accounts you are losing at least 20% of your profits.

Q: How important is it for a franchisee to be an owner manager rather than employing a manager to run the store?

Many franchisees can be owner managers of one or two stores, but a good owner manager is one who can leave their store to go on holiday and it continues to run efficiently. To do this you need to hire the right people. I’m a firm believer in hiring the right people. A great manager is a leader. By having the right people, systems and processes in place, they give themselves options after two years. This could be buying another store or having a significant amount of flexibility. But some people don’t ever get there because they are unable to lead or hire the right people.

Q: Why do you think it is better to be part of a franchise than opening an independent business?

The international statistics are positive. Only one out of five independent businesses survives, while four out of five franchise businesses survive. Apart from that, by being a franchisee you are part of a network which has better buying power. You also contribute to a marketing fund, which means you get more bang for your buck, and you are part of a group of people on the same journey – you get head office support but also interact with people in the same situation as you. You should get to know the other franchisees so that you can get together and help each other out. As a franchisee, you have other people thinking about product development, using resources you couldn’t afford if you were to open ‘Joe’s Juice’.

Q: How can a franchisee ensure they are choosing the right franchise for them?

They need to look within and think ‘What am I passionate about?’ We find that our franchisees are usually interested in health and fitness and have a sparkle in their eyes. Once you have identified what you are passionate about, you need to look at what’s available, and then at the franchise itself. How long have they been around, how many company-owned stores are there, the structure, do you like the people and can you find solutions with them?

Q: How important is it to invest your own money in a franchise?

Whether you are investing your money or money from a bank, it’s still your responsibility. The best option is to borrow the least possible as paying off a loan adds to your monthly expenses. Using your own money takes a bit of the pressure off.

Q: What advice can you give franchisees?

You need to have the right attitude. We have a saying, ‘Don’t be a VERB, rather SOAR’. VERB stands for Victim Entitled Rescue Blame and SOAR, Solutions Ownership of problems, Accountability for outcomes, Responsible for your own success. The outcome from this response is more positive. Being accountable for your own business is powerful. Saying it is my fault when something goes wrong gives you incredible power. I hate the word ‘try’ – you have no option but to do it.

Q: How much research should a franchisee do before buying a franchise?

They need to do an enormous amount of research but should beware of ‘analysis paralysis’. I know of some people who spend up to five years researching a franchise, and never get around to actually buying it. You need to look at financials, the brand, the business and do your own site research – you can sit at the site and do headcounts for a few hours.

Make sure that you meet with the franchisor and talk to them face-to-face as well as other franchisees who will give you the ‘warts and all’ information.

Q: What would you say is the biggest challenge for franchisees?

Staffing is a big challenge. Don’t settle for mediocrity, find people who are bubbly and hard working. Always do a reference check, but if this is their first job determine whether or not they are confident, and have numbers acumen. You may get it wrong sometimes, but be sure to fix it quickly.

Q: What are some of the most common mistakes franchisees make?

Thinking that it is easier than it actually is, not doing their own accounts, mismanaging their expenses and holding on to staff who should have moved on. One other mistake for female franchise owners is not replacing themselves when they have a baby. If you don’t find a replacement you can expect your business to go down by at least 20%.

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Franchisee Advice

Types Of Funding Available For Franchisees

If you’re interested in investing in a franchise, there are a number of funding routes available to you.

Darlene Menzies

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In South Africa, a franchise is considered a separate, specialised field of business and from a financing perspective is viewed differently to an existing business. It’s typically easier to get funding for a franchise as franchises have a proven product and they vet potential franchisees and offer support to new business owners. This support can include extensive training on running the franchise, branding and marketing, operational policies and procedures and a highly-tuned supplier network.

The reputation of the franchise will, to a large extent, dictate which finance options you choose and how easy it will be to raise the required funds.

It’s important to understand the cost of purchasing the business and the expected operating costs to work out how much finance you’ll need until the business starts to generate profits. Be clear about the upfront costs, including access to the brand, the market structure, start-up support and the set-up fee, which usually includes construction, equipment, stock and other necessary resources.

Related: 6 Great Tips For A Successful Shark Tank Pitch

Consider the operating costs, which must include management service fees and franchise marketing and advertising levies. The franchisor will advise you on the time it should take for the franchise to start generating profits. Upfront costs plus operating costs are the total amount of finance required to purchase, set up and run the franchise.

What’s available for prospective franchisees?

Franchisor Funding

Many of the large franchisors have their own funding mechanisms. These can range from their own established finance arm to funding assistance through partnerships with external lenders. Franchisors seldom fund 100% of the purchase costs; the amount of funding varies according to the size and reputation of the franchise and usually ranges from 25% to 75% of the costs.

Once a franchisor approves you as a franchisee, your chances of being approved for funding are significantly stronger. Some franchisors go a step further and suggest a business partnership with another potential franchisee who has good financial resources but less experience. Pairing experience with finance can be a useful option, but needs to be explored properly as it is a long-term partnership that must work for both parties.

Tandem Funding and Specialised Franchise Funders

South Africa’s B-BBEE legislation has led to a new option for franchise funding. It’s a particularly innovative way of quickly upskilling inexperienced potential franchisees. The franchisor funds the new franchise and retains ownership of the majority of shares in the business.

The franchisee initially purchases a small number of shares and is then mentored by the franchisor to set up and run the franchise. Profits are used to buy more shares until the franchisee has purchased all the franchise’s shares.

Specialist franchise funders are also a useful option. They typically consider a wider variety of franchises than banks and have in-depth knowledge of the industry. However, like other funders, their primary concern is to be sure that the loan will be repaid within the required period.

Related: Expansion Funding Options For Your Growing Business

Franchise Funding from Banks

franchise-funding-from-banksAll of the large banks have specialised franchise funding departments. Their approval rate for funding franchises is generally higher than for independent businesses.

Banks will expect you to provide a sizable contribution toward the purchase of the franchise and funding is dependent on proof that the business will be able to repay the loan.

Other factors they consider are the location of the business and its proximity to competitors and catchment markets, your level of business experience, your credit record and the amount and type of support offered by the franchisor. The higher the level of support, the less the risk to the funder of the business under-performing.

If the franchisor is willing to enter into a joint venture with you to partially fund the purchase, the bank will consider this positively as it means the franchisor has a vested interest in helping you to succeed.

Government Franchise Funding

All of the government funding agencies offer franchise funding primarily to encourage black entrepreneurs to enter into the franchise business. For example, the National Empowerment Fund considers funding based on a minimum of 50,1% black shareholding, provided that the black shareholders are actively involved in managing the business.

They prefer to fund well-established franchises, fund up to R10 million and expect to exit within seven years, so you’ll need detailed projections to show that the loan can be repaid within that period. Ithala Bank considers funding for KZN-based approved franchisees who do not have collateral.

Related: Should You Purchase An Existing Franchise?

What funders expect from you

Lenders expect you to provide detailed information that will enable them to assess the risks of lending to the franchise. This means they require a detailed business plan, comprehensive and well- substantiated financial projections and full details of the franchise, its agreement terms and the levels of support they will provide. They will also need details of start-up costs; for example, construction, set-up costs, equipment and other resources required to establish the franchise.

Franchise lenders expect you to have concluded discussions with the franchisor and want to know that you have been approved. This pre-approval means that there is less risk to them. You’ll also be expected to provide feasibility studies from the franchisor.

The purchase of a franchise requires an injection of your own cash and if you are borrowing money, you’ll probably need to provide collateral. You’ll need a statement of personal assets and liabilities for each of the directors, a good credit record and detailed CVs of the owners to show the required business experience.

Choose wisely

The more well-known the franchise, the higher the price, so do your homework before applying for finance. Understand the full cost of starting and running the business to make sure you aren’t in for future surprises. In particular, work out your current liquidity status.

Keep a small contingency fund available for unexpected expenses, so don’t invest all available capital in the venture.

Shop around. Compare finance institutions’ offerings to make sure you get the best deal. In the case of less expensive franchises, consider working with a couple of lenders; for example, an asset funder to fund equipment needs and a franchise funder for the start-up and working capital costs.

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Franchisee Advice

Factors To Consider Before Signing Up As A Franchisee

Franchising is a brilliant way to get into business with not many entrepreneurial skills as it comes with a roadmap to follow for success.

Diana Albertyn

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You’ve been considering entrepreneurship for a while, and now that you’ve finally raised some money and been approved for a loan, you’re ready to quit your 9-5 job to run your own business. You may even already have your eye on a particular franchise, but while franchising is considered an easier and more low risk way to get into business, are you suited to being a franchisee?

“The question is not ‘is franchising right for you’, but rather, are you right for franchising? Because if you don’t have the right attitude and skill set, it can be a very expensive mistake,” says small business expert and author Steve Strauss.

Franchising may seem like an easy way into entrepreneurship, but along with an established name and proven systems, come rules, regulations and little room for creativity. If you’re not ready to become a franchisee, but want to go into business for yourself, you may find yourself struggling to operate within the system’s blueprint.

Ask yourself these three questions before proceeding with the process of franchising:

1. Will you be able to follow the directions of the franchisor?

You’re buying into an existing and proven concept so it’s safe to assume that the franchisor knows best, and so you have to be open to learning and following guidelines for business success. If, for example, you have experience in advertising and think you have an improved technique of marketing the franchise, you may want to change the advertising material provided by the franchisor – don’t.

Related: 3 Ways You Can Innovate And Improve As A Franchisee

“Being a franchisee means following the directions of the franchisor, even when you think you know a better way,” advise experts from strategic and tactical advisory firm MSA Worldwide.

“In addition to initial training, you need to be prepared to accept coaching and advice from the franchisor on how you operate or market your location.”

2. Do you have the need to experiment?

Lou Groen may have had success in launching a new menu item that McDonald’s approved of in 1962, but not all franchisees are that lucky. Stick to the plan and limit deviations to the menu or anything that involves the customer experience.

If the franchisor’s concept doesn’t involve deliveries, offering them to your customers may cause issues for others within the franchise system. “If it’s not part of the franchisor’s concept, you’re deviating from the concept and therefore, no longer running your store as a franchise,” according to MSA. Franchising arguably limits innovation opportunities, so if you’re prone to implementing creative ideas and evolving business offerings based on said ideas, rather start your own independent business.

Related: 3 Pricing Tactics To Recession-Proof Your Franchise

3. Are you a team player?

These first two questions you address should already lead to the realisation that everything you do affects everyone in the franchise chain. One bad experience at your establishment and suddenly, all the stores are affected by bad press or unsavoury social media attention.

“Other franchisees are relying upon you to offer to the consumer a consistent level of service, product quality, and brand message. You are going to have to work with others in the system in making decisions,” advise experts.

Remember that as part of a chain of other business owners, you may have to accept that majority rules when it comes to decisions where franchises do have a say.

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Franchisee Advice

3 Ways You Can Innovate And Improve As A Franchisee

Although your role as a franchisee isn’t really to innovate, there’s room for creativity if you go about it the right way.

Diana Albertyn

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When you signed on the dotted line after reading and agreeing with the franchise agreement, you knew that you were buying into a proven system where everything has already been thought out for you, and all you have to do is follow the formula for success.

But you’re a franchisee longing to put your own imprint on your business, and it may be frustrating to feel boxed in by a formula, while you’re bursting with new ideas.

“Franchising, by its nature, discourages innovation on the part of franchisees, who are required by their franchisors to follow very specific policies and procedures on exactly what they will sell, how they will make or deliver it,” notes Randy Myers, contributing editor for CFO and Corporate Board Member magazines.

Related: Types Of Funding Available For Franchisees

This doesn’t mean your ideas will never see the light of day though. But before you approach your franchisor with your brilliant insight, consider the following steps that may well lead you down an innovative path:

1. Get the basics right first

Franchisors know that customers like consistency as it makes them comfortable and trust every location of their franchise they choose to visit. But, even the strictest franchisors get hungry for new ideas. It’s the timing that’s vital for your idea to even be considered.

“Most good systems don’t want new franchisees to even think about innovations until they learn the existing system inside out and prove that they can execute it like a star,” said Jeff Elgin, CEO of FranChoice, a network of franchise referral consultants. “At that point, they have become successful, their base is secure, and they have earned the right to consider innovations.”

It’s wise to ensure you’ve learned your franchisor’s existing business model before you suggest any improvements.

2. Do your homework

So, you’re doing well and you’re sure your idea will be welcomed as a crucial innovation to the franchise system – but research your proposal, suggests Kim Stevens, VP of Regional Development and Director of Franchise Awarding at Woodhouse Day Spas. “Especially if you’re suggesting something that would impact all franchisees, create a business plan before approaching your franchisor,’ she says.

Related: To Buy Into A Franchise Or Purchase A Licence? 3 Factors To Consider

It’s also good to have another look at the franchisor’s policy for accepting new ideas to ensure you’re prepared for tough questions before you propose your idea.

3. Speak to the right people

Elgin recommends you first identify the person at the franchisor’s head office who’s responsible for receiving new ideas. “Many of the ideas a franchisee comes up with will already have been proposed by another franchisee,” notes Elgin.

To avoid wasting your time, no matter how great you think the idea is, present it as early as possible before spending anything developing the idea.

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