With the exit of global banking giant Barclays from our shores, it might leave business owners wondering what the future of access to funding in SA might look like.
This, as well as slow economic growth, challenging international trading conditions, the chaos of an election year, difficult regulations and red tape does not paint a rosy picture.
Access to Funding: The Reality
Just how important is easy access to funding for growing companies? The SAICA SME report states that “According to SME’s, the main reasons for business failure are overwhelmingly cash flow related”. A business of any size and in whichever industry needs financial stability to operate sustainably.
Aiming to expand is an even more complex objective that requires SME’s to raise growth finance. Taking this into consideration, how can SME’s be expected to operate sustainably as well as grow, if accessing finance proves to be one of their greatest obstacles?
Related: 10 Tips for Finding Seed Funding
With disinvestment and job losses looming in traditional banking, the relevance of such institutions will be challenged more and more. The tough criteria, vast amounts of paperwork, high interest rates and general unwillingness to lend out money has given traditional funding institutions a bad name among entrepreneurs.
The floor is open for new and innovative ways to solve this funding issue.
The Funding Marketplace
One of the key developments has been the rise of the funding marketplace. A funding marketplace can be described as a platform where willing lenders meet willing borrowers to close funding transactions without the traditional financial intermediary like a bank being involved. Platforms like this is a major breakthrough for SME funding in the country.
What are your margins?
In quoting interest rates to borrowers, the answer lies in the margin. A funding platform, being online-based, eliminates many of the high overhead drivers of traditional funding institutions, like large physical offices and massive payroll costs.
This enables these platforms to offer lenders higher yields on their savings, and to offer borrowers lower rates on their loans, all because they require a much smaller margin to cover their costs. Magic!
Scoring your creditworthiness
Score cards that are designed to determine each borrower’s creditworthiness by looking at its financial health and expected future cash flows assist peer-to-peer funding platforms in allocating capital.
Borrowers then receive money from multiple verified lenders at competitive interest rates and low fees.
Drawing from the platform’s credit rating expertise, lenders also benefit from its services in what appears to be a win-win solution.
Related: How to Write a Funding Proposal
Types of Funding Marketplaces
As an example, meet SME funding marketplace RainFin. They are disrupting the SME finance landscape by offering unsecured access to SME funding within 48 hours – unheard of via traditional routes.
Their costs are low, offering both saver and borrower an exciting interest rate. RainFin seems to understand that in a fast-paced, high tech business environment, the needs of SMEs are immediate.
What’s also quite incredible about their marketplace is that it allows lenders to share the risk of loans, which makes individual borrowers more likely get funded by a pool of lenders who share the risk of the loan.
FinTech hubs are sprouting across the country to help fuel this disruption in finance. Spots like Alpha Code, Rise Africa and the Bandwidth Barn are playing big roles in fostering innovation.
Cloud FinTech businesses are being invested in and scaling into Africa, as can be seen from cloud accounting company SMEasy and financial forecasting champions Riskflow with their CFO Apps.
Big business is also taking notice. Investec is making some serious investments into FinTech. Finance executive group CFO South Africa has recently launched FinTech Africa, coupled with exciting events to fuel conversation and investment into this space.
Enterprise Development is also starting to serve as a major conduit of SME finance. Innovative ESD funds like Edge Growth’s Vumela and Asisa funds are making cleverly channelling corporate BEE spend into finance for scaling companies.
Telkom has also recently come to the table to launch a sizable new fund in this space that is looking to provide black-owned companies with funding solutions.
It’s beautiful to watch organisations use the new codes to play a positive role in business and job creation.
This and other exciting new ways of getting funded are working their way into the market to offer innovative solutions to the company that’s ready for growth. With Section 12J also slowly moving more into the spotlight, new life is being blown into the venture capital space.
4Venture Capital Company
Section 12J allows investors in a SARS registered Venture Capital Company a 100% tax deduction for their investment.
On a 41% tax bracket, this means that an investor only has a 59% exposure on his money, but with 100% of the upside. This serves as government’s mechanism to channel high net worth individuals’ investment portfolios into young companies.
The launch of Grovest VCC’s latest fund called GroTech, aimed at disruptive technology companies, as well as other new funds raising capital, sees more players coming into the venture capital space, with more investors waking up to the opportunities of this asset class.
Money is available. It is up to founders to make sure that they are ready for funding. Companies need to look long and hard at their ability to clear a due diligence and also to provide a unique offering that makes business sense to a funder.
Businesses that have their house in order, can prove sustainability and growth, as well as a unique value proposition just need to keep knocking.
Government expects 90% of jobs to come from these entities. As a country, we have so much riding on the success of SMEs.
Starting new businesses and upscaling existing ones is of critical importance to us.
Seeing more and more disruption in the SME finance landscape fuels our opportunity to create a sustainable SA with inclusive growth and enough jobs to make the rounds.
Does Your Business Really Need Funding?
Strategy, risks, and opportunities.
Businesses need capital to grow, and most small enterprises rely on external funding to meet this requirement. While accessing funding can be challenging for entrepreneurs, taking on the financial commitments of a loan should never be taken lightly. Many small businesses fail because repayment conditions are so onerous they impact cash flow, and business owners end up blacklisted, which dampens their future prospects.
First, ask yourself some hard questions
Before you decide to apply for that loan, cash advance or capital injection, make sure that your business really needs funding. Critically evaluate your business. Consider that you’ll ultimately need to give something back for that funding – an equity stake, or interest payments.
Determine how much the extra funding is worth to you, and what would happen to your business if you couldn’t get it.
Define your goals
The type of funding you need (and how you validate it in the application) is dependent on your short- and long-term goals. If you’re not currently on track to achieving your business objectives, determine what stumbling blocks or pain points are holding you back. Ultimately, you should be certain that the capital will help you achieve your objectives.
Evaluate your financial pain points
Next, determine which of the identified obstacles can be overcome with extra money. While most could, a loan may not be the answer. Entrepreneurs often use financing to temporarily plug holes, instead of fixing them. Without addressing the root cause of the issue, the business will continue to struggle, while also dealing with the extra debt.
It is also important to consider the nature of your requirements, and the impact this will have on finances. For instance, using a loan to hire more staff requires upfront funds before additional revenue can be generated. The same applies to sales and marketing initiatives.
Expanding your footprint as part of a strategic plan to grow your business also requires funding, but these are usually long-term loans that take more time to pay back. A thorough evaluation is needed to determine the potential return on investment and compare it to other opportunities.
Evaluate if the strategic benefits will outweigh the mid-term cash flow risks.
Consider your options
Before making any financial commitment, first look for ways to optimise your operation to realise cost efficiencies within the business that can free up working capital to fund the fix.
If you determine that funding will address your pain points, by boosting inventory ahead of a seasonal spike, for example, consider vendor financing or supplier credit options before securing financing from a bank.
If you need to expand the business, look for ways to lower the associated costs. For example, franchising a new location to a competent partner can relieve you of some of the financial burden. A product-based business could perhaps generate extra income by selling via online channels, or through distributors or other retailers instead of a new store.
However, should you choose to proceed, before you sign any loan or credit agreement, make sure you consider all possible scenarios:
- How long will it take before your investment starts covering the costs of your loan?
- How will you manage repayments if your forecasted growth doesn’t materialise?
- How can you pivot to reallocate resources if your plan is not working out as initially intended?
The bottom line
Before you start looking for funding for your business, critically evaluate if your business really needs it. If you decide capital is necessary to reach your goals, and you’re willing to take on the responsibility, carefully consider the type of funding that is best for your particular type of business and your specific needs.
How Investors Choose Who To Invest In
Why entrepreneurs tend to focus on the wrong things when pitching to investors, and what investors are really evaluating instead.
The hypothesis of my book Lose the Business Plan was that great businesses are not determined by Excel spreadsheets and the all too predictable J-curve, but rather by the entrepreneur or entrepreneurial team and their ability to see opportunity, navigate obstacles and make things happen.
The truth is that entrepreneurs focus on the wrong side of the coin when meeting with an investor. They focus on the deep detail of the business plan and concentrate on justifying assumptions, predicting and overcoming objections, and emphasising market potential. Yet it’s my experience that the real decision on whether or not to invest in a company is more heavily weighted towards the entrepreneur or team rather than the business plan itself.
Once the ‘numbers’ stack (in other words, the business model makes sense) and the risks have been considered and appropriately mitigated, then the real decision-making can begin. The final decision comes down to four important characteristics of the entrepreneur himself or herself.
1. Is she honest?
You may have the best business plan in the world and you may have mitigated every possible risk but, if you are not someone the investor can trust, no deal will be made. I find that entrepreneurs often underestimate the importance of their reputations and, in today’s connected world, it’s so quick and easy to reference someone’s character.
Entrepreneurs who think about the short game and make morally questionable decisions for the prospect of quick profits generally find themselves in an ever-diminishing circle of people who will do deals with them. Your reputation is everything and you should guard it at all costs.
2. Does she work hard?
I am still not resolved around the cliché that you should work smart and not hard. (Perhaps I missed the memo or was asleep during the lecture that demonstrated how this is possible.)
In a world that is changing at an astonishing rate, in an economy that is becoming more and more competitive and in a business environment that is becoming ever more complex, it’s hard work to remain relevant and ahead of the curve for any extended period of time. Every quarter sees a new trajectory that needs to be investigated and navigated. In my opinion, this requires not just smart work but hard work, too.
It’s certainly true that investors like to invest in entrepreneurs who will take their investment seriously, who take their businesses seriously, and who are on top of their games.
3. Is she smart?
Smart does not always mean book smart but it definitely means street smart. It means having the ability to read a room, to see an opportunity, to learn new skills quickly and also being able to apply new learning’s to the business.
Investors look for investees who show agility when adapting to feedback from the market, from their competitors, from their staff and more.
4. Is she ambitious?
Investors do not like investing in ‘mom and pop’ operations. They seek the highest return on investment and that comes from businesses that can scale profitably. Scale is always relative to the investor’s perspective and not your own.
An investor with a couple of hundred thousand rand to invest will have very different expectations of the size of business he or she would like to invest in compared to another investor who has tens of millions of dollars. It’s important for the entrepreneur to authentically resonate with the level of ambition of their prospective investor, and be able to express that ambition through a coherent and cogent vision, as well as a plan to achieve that vision.
Remember, no one starts out as the ideal investee. It’s something that is built up over time and requires constant maintenance and curatorship. It’s essential to continually work on your reputation, to ensure that you are up to date with your industry, and to reassess your level of competence in your market. This is the only way to make sure you become and remain an ideal investee to a potential investor.
Read next: The Investor Sourcing Guide
Are You Struggling To Find Financing For Your SME? Try Alternative Finance
If you don’t qualify for traditional funding or if it isn’t the right fit for your SME why not explore alternative funding? We specialise in alternative financing options by providing in-depth and custom plans for you and your business needs.
- Call: 011 886 0922
- Visit: www.spartan.co.za
Alternative Finance is finance beyond the traditional – it is defined by the financiers’ area of specialisation – by what they specialise in, whom they serve, and how they provide their funding. It does not replace traditional finance but rather functions as a complementary and additional form of funding.
Alternative financiers are specialists – they focus on a particular need and on a specific audience. As a result their ‘how’ is customised to deal with their chosen target market and for this targets unique needs. This applies to the funder’s processes and to their level of flexibility around things such as collateral.
An example of this is that a SME may have an existing R1 million overdraft (their traditional finance) secured by R 1.5 million collateral but suddenly they need R5 million for some kind of contract or bridging finance – they need it fast and don’t have that extent of collateral.
The traditional funder cannot provide what they need, their process is too long and their flexibility is too low. An alternative financier providing bridging finance and specialising in SMEs is ideally positioned to fill this gap.
One of the most significant differences between a traditional funder and an alternative financier is in their process. In the case of the alternative financier, they have often chosen to deal exclusively with a particular customer base, for example SMEs. As a result, this funder has both an affinity and contextually relevant empathy in working with SMEs.
Not only do they speak the same language the funder also has an appreciation for the time and material constraints of the SME and has developed their processes to cater to this market. This applies most notably to the turnaround time of the funding need and to the assessment aspect – where flexibility around things such as collateral is vital in making the finance happen for the SME.
A traditional funder is unable to meet the deadline of a bridging finance need, submitted on an urgent basis, where the finance is needed as soon as 2-3 days from time of application. A specialised or alternative funder is able to do exactly this. A traditional funder is also unable to find creative methods in solving the SMEs lack of high-value collateral in applying for finance.
This SME has generally already used their high-value collateral for traditional credit facilities but now needs funding for growth or resolution of a temporary cash flow challenge. An alternative financier is able to look at such an application in a different way, and has most likely already established alternative ways to make this happen for the SME.
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