In the context of South Africa’s economic progress, securing business success is among the most critical components for national economic growth. The private sector accounts for more than 82% of employment opportunities locally, and if well supported by a conducive regulatory environment, has the potential to create jobs for every unemployed South African.
In our tough economic climate, the pursuit of business sustainability is hard for an all organisations; however, it is especially difficult for the SMEs facing a gaping chasm that regularly includes issues such as capital limitations, lack of management team experience, changing market conditions and an often counter-intuitive regulatory framework. So, how do these company owners cross this divide and break through the proverbial “glass ceiling” to business success?
Dion de Graaff, Chief Operating Officer at The Twinsaver Group, shares his insights on ways in which Small and Medium Enterprises (SME’s) can break down some of their barriers to growth.
Redesigning your strategy
With lack of planning among the key reasons for business failure, a common mistake that some SME’s make is neglecting to clearly define and refine their business strategy.
Doggedly adhering to the same strategy (or same way of approaching customers) that was set at the inception of the business doesn’t cater to the rapidly evolving market needs – the world doesn’t stand still and nor should your business.
Have you reviewed your strategy recently and can you confidently say it is still relevant and optimised to secure sustainable business growth?
Your strategy should clearly define where you want to take the organisation and reflect a proper understanding of your stakeholders; from employees to investors to suppliers. Knowing your world and how it meets the needs of your target audience is critical. You must invest in deepening your insights of your industry, the socio-political environment, risks, returns.
These will inform your strategy refinement and realignment, ensuring a clear map of your business’ future growth journey.
What’s also important is designing your strategy to be robust yet flexible, enabling your business to win in multiple versions of your environment, no matter the changing macro-economic conditions.
When revising your strategy, consider all aspects of the textbook innovation quadrant to determine what the quick wins may be and what will require seriously hard graft. This may seem trite, but it really does help you break down your priorities in the short and long term.
Ask yourself whether you can quite simply, adapt processes or if you should consider modernising a current product/ service offering. It may be that some introspection results in you completely revolutionising your business. A good example of this is Xerox, which started out selling photographic paper and has transformed itself into a leader in the photocopier market.
Remember to get your leadership team and the wider organisation involved as this will help drive buy-in and promote accountability for bringing the strategy to life.
Changing mindsets and upskilling teams
Once you have refined your strategy and secured the necessary buy-in, it doesn’t stop there. The business mindset must shift from exploration (finding new problems to solve) and planning, to execution that solves those identified challenges. As a business owner, if you are unable to make a mental switch, you run the risk of getting lost in permutations and “what ifs”.
Be goal oriented, determine which problems need to be solved, set timelines, focus on the allocation of skills and hold people accountable to drive the business’ objectives.
With 20%-30% of SME’s failing within the first five years, as the captain of the ship, you need to display precision focus but also bear in mind that growth is a team effort.
Attracting the right talent and developing skills should be a non-negotiable in any business environment and is the ‘ticket to the game’. Within a manufacturing context, most of the success happens at shop-floor level and thus, the right technical skills combined with your employees’ ability to adapt in a dynamic environment, are imperative to sharpening your competitive advantage. Equally, development programmes for front-line management and supervisors who are responsible for translating the strategy at shop-floor level, are vital.
Understanding that the resource pot has limitations, to avoid undermining the sustainability of the business, it is worth spending time researching the most efficient ways to develop skills.
This could involve the transfer of learnings within groups in your organisation, hosting an industry expert for a knowledge sharing session and in some instances, free mini-courses on YouTube could suffice.
Ascending the staircase to the top floor
If your goal is to grow exponentially, then your risk appetite needs to match your ambition but there are ways to hedge your bets by making better-informed decisions.
While every business focuses on organic growth (which is often less risky) there are varying levels from adapting a product/ service to investments into new ones – and perhaps even substantial plant and equipment upgrades.
What could set you on a favourable, organic growth path is knowing which aspects to exploit. Understanding your business’ strengths, the opportunities in the market place that are matched to your capabilities and identifying any potential niches, could stand you in good stead.
On the other hand, capital permitting, acquisitive growth (although riskier) is an excellent way of propelling your business forward at speed.
It enables you to bring on board an entity that has a tried and tested value offering – one that could help diversify your product/ service offering and expose you to wider markets (possibly beyond your current geography). However, with sources such as the Harvard Business Review suggesting that the failure rate for mergers and acquisitions sits between 70% and 90%, a comprehensive due diligence is critical.
This ensures that the business you are looking to acquire is a strategic fit, can continue to deliver strong returns, is sustainable and can thus support your growth journey.
With that said, if organic and acquisitive growth are not suitable options, businesses should not discount the value of being acquired.
Often, the acquiring business has the capital, networks, resources and talent to take the business to the top floor hence, the timing of any partnership is key.
In the words of Isaac Newton, “If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants.”
Remember, all that glitters is not gold
As you move forward, do not underestimate the immense value of process learning and importance of understanding the context, yourself. If someone else is giving you the answers, then you haven’t learnt enough. Many opportunities may entice you but do not obsess about the trade-offs as often, all that glitters is not gold.
Regardless of what’s happening in the market place, avoid a knee-jerk reaction. Maintain a long-term view and trust in the buoyancy of your strategy. If you keep it – and your people – front of mind, that is certainly the very best foundation for securing strong and sustainable company growth.
Your Organisation’s Values Must Generate Value – Otherwise Why Have Them?
Your values have to be the foundation of your organisation’s present AND its future if you are going to ensure sustainable value for your stakeholders.
In the modern world of business, where social media compels organisations to tell the truth, transparency and ethics have become essential. Consumers no longer only care about getting value for money, but also about what your company values and how that transpires in what you offer.
Defining a set of values that describes your organisation’s heart, i.e. your organisational culture, is immensely personal and, if lived, immensely powerful. Successful leaders realise that an important factor in building brand loyalty is getting their organisations to wear their proverbial hearts on their sleeves and to authentically honour it in the way they do business. Sadly, many organisations define their values as a tick-box exercise that serves as mere decorations for their website.
Just think of infamous examples like KPMG, SAP and Steinhoff as well as more recent culprits like Bain and Gartner: Besides the millions many of them had to pay back, their severely tarnished brands are still costing them dearly. It is clear that if the values you proclaim to espouse are not overt in your client-facing staff and the way you do business; this lack of integrity will eventually catch up with you. As what happened with KPMG, this not only leaves you with less clients, but with a diminished team too. High potential employees do not want to be associated with leaders who don’t honour the organisation’s values.
Related: Here’s How To Value Your Business
For the organisation’s values to truly become visible in how they engage and do business, it has to start with the leaders and their message. Those we lead must see it in our example on a daily basis. Our organisation’s values serve as a moral compass, but if the leaders responsible for steering the ship do not abide by this compass, our crew can’t get us to where we want to go. Our team members either follow us, become disengaged or abandon ship. They will not make an effort to uphold the values within a business where the leaders themselves disown it.
As a business, we make a certain promise or commitment to our clients. However, if our values do not underpin this promise and if we, as the leaders, don’t role-model our values to achieve this, it remains an empty promise. Therefore, it is important to keep the following aspects in mind when selecting or re-viewing your organisation’s values:
- Before defining your values, you should ideally define what kind of culture you want your values to underpin. Consider what is important to you and what is important to your customers: Is your organisation’s culture customer-centric, as it aims to exceed customer expectations, or quality-centric because of its strong focus on excellence? Perhaps your organisational culture leans more toward being cost-centric, as providing real value for money is important to you. A service orientated organisational culture, on the other hand, implies that providing your customers with the best possible experience is top of mind for you. Your organisation’s culture could be one of the above, or your culture could consist of a bit of an eclectic mix.
- Once you have defined the above, choose values that will help your desired culture become a reality and that your team members and customers will buy into. Again, ensure that it captures the heart of your organisation.
- Values are personal and we all interpret them in our own way. Although we don’t want to promote a homogeneous culture, we do have to communicate what we mean by our values. Therefore, the next step is to craft a set of behaviours that describe how the individuals in your organisation will live these values. Again, it is important to emphasise that the example must be set by the leaders but that it is the responsibility of every team member to role-model these behaviours.
- Finally, your organisation’s values must come alive and inspire, as they are intended to, and it is your responsibility as a leader to make this happen. Ask your team and your customers to tell you how they will feel if these values are lived authentically, and then measure the organisation against their feedback. If your team and your customers do not experience your values in this way on a daily basis, chances are your values are probably still dormant.
It is the responsibility off all leaders to inspire hope and trust in the organisation’s future in good times as well as bad times. To keep your team engaged, you constantly have to paint an emotive picture of what the future looks like for your organisation. If you connect this picture to your values and role-model them as a leader, they become a powerful tool for fostering the emotions and engagement that will help your team members buy into your vision.
How You Can Achieve Growth Through Access To Markets
If your goal is to scale your business, you need to increase your sales and access to markets. We found the best way to do that was through key strategic partners whose existing clients were our target market.
Many sales-led organisations have come to the same conclusion at some stage in their business growth life-cycle: In order to build a sales-led business for scale, you need to adopt a multi-channel sales distribution strategy. In our world, this means a combination of direct sales (boots on the ground), digital marketing and strategic partnerships.
After five years we had grown Merchant Capital as far as we could organically. We needed a much larger sales distribution channel. Understanding the need for a multi-channel sales distribution strategy is one thing, execution is something else entirely. After paying significant school fees, our strategic partnership distribution strategy was crystallised, and off we went to bring our chosen partners on board.
1. Finding strategic partners
Re-calibrating our sales strategy led us to the conclusion that we needed a strategic partner who could bring us ‘one-to-many’. In other words, we needed to identify potential partners (‘one’) who have ‘many’ sweet spot clients who are also our target clients, and whom they are already servicing with other products daily.
The end result of this three-year process has been strategic partnerships with Standard Bank and Discovery Insure. In the case of Standard Bank, every business that utilises a Standard Bank point of sale (POS) system can apply for a cash advance from Merchant Capital. Thanks to the partnership, Standard Bank POS merchants can access a cash advance within less than 24 hours of application.
It sounds incredibly simple and straightforward, but the process of identifying the right partner, creating the value proposition and then building a relationship that can result in such a partnership is anything but.
The most crucial element in this process was identifying partners who could benefit as much from a relationship with us as we could from them — in other words, ensuring a strong mutual value proposition.
When you have a business need, it’s easy to convince yourself that your prospect or potential partner needs you as much as you need them. Unless you are absolutely sure that this is the case however, there’s a strong possibility that you end up having a life-changing initial meeting and then never hear from them again.
This can happen for one of two reasons: Either you haven’t found the right partner who will also benefit from a partnership with you, or you haven’t been able to adequately distil that value. If this happens, very often you’ve missed your opportunity and won’t get a second chance.
We therefore had to be extremely disciplined in identifying which partners we wanted to approach. We focused on removing any subjectivity from the process by building an objective ‘partner scorecard’ that allowed us to weight certain attributes of the partner (such as a large client base, deep client relationship and mutual value proposition) with what we could offer them. This empowered us to make educated decisions.
2. Making first connections
Identifying the right partners is only the first step — now you need to make contact. By design, the partners we had identified were behemoth corporates with much larger priorities than meeting us, and convincing them on the upside of a strategic partnership needed to be robust and well-articulated.
Step one is getting your foot in the door. We began the process by identifying ‘champions’ within the partner organisation. This process takes time. We were able to secure meetings and found that running pilots was a good way to provide demonstrable evidence of the proposed ‘win-win’ proposition.
Early on in a business life-cycle (before any traction and brand equity exist), we found that leveraging off our network of shareholders and mentors to make introductions to the appropriate decision-makers within the organisation was of great assistance.
When we signed our previous investment deals, this was actually a key consideration for us. For obvious reasons, growth funding holds value, but the network and mentorship that the right board and shareholders bring to the table can be much more valuable.
Until you’re able to build brand equity and gain traction with a partner (or client), the right networks, introductions and referrals help you secure the meetings you need to prove yourself. And then you need to start small. Don’t expect a meeting with the CEO. Start with someone who could be your champion within the organisation.
3. Finding your champion
Finding a business sponsor to champion the partnership within the corporate partner is fundamental to your overall success. They will understand the internal friction and potential hurdles in navigating the naysayers within the organisation.
There will always be people, and rightly so, who challenge the partnership and ask why they can’t just do it themselves. If you don’t have an internal champion who is engaged and passionately buys into the partnership, then the initiative will most likely fall over and die.
Being the first mover in a partnership with an innovative start-up has many advantages if the product takes off. Often, these people want to be involved on the ground floor.
That said, big corporations are still taking a chance teaming up with young companies (brand risk and financial losses, to name a few). The upside of having already landed a smaller partner where significant traction can be demonstrated goes a long way in softening the initial concerns and risks from the large corporate’s perspective.
4. Nothing worth having can be rushed
The one word that comes to mind when thinking about this journey and the past three years is grit. In our experience, landing great partnerships takes many years of relationship-building and demonstrating solid business metrics and track record.
As I’ve already mentioned, our discussions with Standard Bank began three years before doing the deal. What we found useful in the early days of the partner discussions was communicating that in the next quarter we were going to achieve certain results and then coming back the following quarter and presenting the fact that we had hit our milestones, or hopefully exceeded them.
Just as you would do with an investor, this built a track record and credibility. The rhythm of checking in every few months and reporting back on progress is a great way to build the relationship over time without being too pushy as well.
Pulling it all together
There are two types of growth: Organic growth and scale. We’re an organisation that wants to scale. We’re aiming for exponential growth. This wouldn’t be possible without exponentially increasing our access to market.
We identified that the best way to do this was through the right strategic partner, but there are many channels that business owners can consider.
The important thing is not to just do what you’ve always done, unless you’re comfortable with organic growth. Evaluate your current model, and critically examine what you need to do to increase your sales, distribution and access to market. There is no one right way to do this. It took us time, and we needed to learn a few tough lessons before we were confident in the direction we wanted to take.
Related: My Business Is Growing… What Now?
5 Lessons On Scaling Up Your Company From An EOY Winner
It takes a combination of grit, hard work and the right strategies to navigate the challenges of the scale up journey. What do some entrepreneurs do differently to make it to the top?
Building a successful company is really hard. Even when you have made it through the start-up phase – product development, market fit, building a team, earning first traction – the process of scaling up remains a challenging road.
Louw Barnardt CA(SA), recently named the Emerging Entrepreneur of the Year at the Sanlam/Business Partners Entrepreneur of the Year® Awards, shared his five top lessons learnt from fast-growing clients and from their own journey of scaling up Outsourced CFO to twenty five full time professionals.
“There are many stumbling blocks that hinder exponential growth at the scale up phase. Successful start-up founders do not always have the right skill set and experience to build a business from five to fifty people or from twenty to two hundred.”
Louw and his team have taken the concept of an ‘Outsourced CFO’ – a go-to finance person for emerging companies – and built a very exciting business from it. “There are hundreds of lessons one learns on the journey of building a scale-up company. These five stand out among all of the biggest lessons learnt.
1. Invest in People
Doing business is all about people. In start-up phase, founders are able to manage almost everything. From the social media post to the invoicing to the recruitment – it all falls on you. One founder can manage this for a short while and a founder team for a bit longer, but somewhere between five and twenty people this changes. The founders can no longer make every call, have every meeting, answer every client query.
It’s critical to build a solid leadership team and then to equip them with enough autonomy and authority to run with the various portfolio’s within the company. Put a head of HR, head of sales, head of client engagements, head of operation and head of finance in place as soon as you can and keep investing in them – it’s the only way to scale out of start-up mode.
2. Manage Cash Flow
The finance function sits at the heart of every business. If the numbers don’t add up, everything comes to nothing quite fast. Founders need to make sure that they have a firm eye fixed on financials. New cloud systems enable entrepreneurs to have access to every detail of revenue, profitability, debtors and cash flow in real time.
That’s right – exact live financial information at your fingertips for decision-making. Foreseeing cash crunches ahead of time and actively being able to navigate to avoid them makes all the difference in the scale-up process. Growth eats cash, so be sure to manage yours on the way up.
3. Streamline and Automate
A start-up can afford to do what needs to be done in the moment. Scale-ups cannot. Automation of company processes is key to enable scale in various company functions.
Automate your sales process with a tool like Sales Force or HubSpot. Automate your marketing with a tool like Hootsuite. Automate your finance with a tool like Xero. Automate your company culture input with a tool like Hi5. Putting a good system in place and investing in the understanding and utilisation of all of its functions is a prerequisite for high growth.
4. Prioritise Strategy
As execution becomes a bigger and bigger part of your company, the strategy that directs that execution plays an ever-increasing role. The most successful management teams set and stick to good habits around strategy: Annual breakaways to direct long term strategy. Quarterly strategy days to cement key strategic priorities for the next 90 days and the likes.
It may seem counterintuitive to have your full management team out of action for so many full days of work, but putting the right strategy in place to execute is the real deep work required to scale.
5. Brand and Awareness is key
The value of owning a top brand and of being top of mind with all your stakeholders cannot be overstated. A stronger brand lifts the market’s perceived value of your offering. Continuously starting conversations and finding ways of reminding your networks and target market of who you are and what amazing things you are doing opens up ever-bigger opportunities that play a huge part in creating scale for our top entrepreneurs.
“Building a company is hard work. But if you do it smartly, the juice is worth the squeeze many times over. Make these five lessons your own to hack the scale up journey as you build the business of your dreams.”
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