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Marketing Tactics

Start with a Strategy

Without a clear marketing strategy – or ‘big plan’ – you won’t know what to communicate to your customers. Here’s how to get started.

Nadine Todd




While business can be divided into boxes (planning, admin, HR, sales, marketing, financial management, strategy, accounts), the truth is that no areas of business function in isolation. Some of the biggest organisations in the world are successful precisely because of an understanding that each section is a part of the whole.

The same is true of marketing. Marketing is the product of good business planning and strategising. It’s what drives sales, and ultimately what makes profits. But it cannot exist in a bubble. The days of designing a campaign and shouting it to consumers is over. Technology has redefined the way the world works, and marketing is no different.

“Today’s consumers are empowered,” says Ivan Moroke, group managing director of TBWA/Hunt/Lascaris. “They are informed, they expect transparency and they want to interact with brands at different levels. Traditional ‘push’ marketing still has a role to play, but it needs to be combined with other forms of marketing as well.”

Reaching consumers

In order to reach informed consumers who care about the world, businesses cannot ignore the social, political and economic landscape either. Marketing is about creating a message and then reaching consumers. To do that, it’s important to understand what consumers react to or are looking for — and then aligning this with the company’s own goals and identity.

“South Africa is particularly interesting in this regard,” says Moroke. “We are a relatively new and fast developing country. South African consumers are looking for an identity. Their fingers are on the pulse of change and there is a lot of class mobility. Companies that fail to realise this and react to it will not communicate with their target audience.”

For an example of how consumerism has changed, look at trends that have emerged in the current recession. A tightened economic environment has affected consumer and business buying behaviour. “Pre-recession emotion was a key driver in consumer decision-making,” says Moroke. “People were using money they didn’t have to buy things they didn’t need to impress people they didn’t know.

“And marketing followed suit. Marketing campaigns focused on communicating messages to the heart. The recession has changed that. South Africa may have been largely sheltered from the storm, but we were still affected. There has been a shift from the heart to the mind, from consumers on the street, to SMEs right through to large corporates. Everyone is evaluating price and informing themselves on the products and services on offer.”

This does not mean that companies and brands should no longer appeal to the heart and emotions at all, but it does mean that bad products and services can no longer be hidden with frills. “People are interrogating brands. As a company you need to ask yourself: Can we stand up to scrutiny? And if you can’t, what are you going to change to make sure you can?” asks Moroke.

Communication is key

According to Moroke, the first question every company should consider before even looking at marketing is what value their customers derive from their product or service. Grant Leishman, CEO of PenQuin International, agrees.

Working backwards from the ultimate objective of business (to sell products or services), and using marketing to achieve this goal, companies must come up with their ‘big idea’. To do that, they need to know what their message is, and to do that, they need to know what they are selling, who they are selling it to, and how much they need to sell. “Without strong company objectives, it’s almost impossible to come up with that big idea,” Leishman says.

“Marketing can’t cover up fundamental wrongs in a product or service,” says Moroke. “To put it bluntly, a pig with lipstick is still a pig. If you want people to choose your brand, you need a proposition they can buy into. Marketing is simply the way you communicate that proposition. Never just make things up. Your customers will eventually realise what you are doing and your brand will be damaged. Sit down and really figure out what your proposition is, and what your differentiators are from your competitors. If you find you don’t have a strong proposition, perhaps you need to go back to your product and service and relook your business model.”

1. What is your business selling?

Ask yourself the questions: What do I do? What am I selling? How much do I need/want to sell?

2. Find your customer

Who is your product or service for? The more specific you are about your target audience, the better your value proposition will be, and the more success you will have with your message. Remember: today’s consumers want to have a conversation with you and your brand, but in order to do that, your message needs to be something they care about.

3. Find your brand truth

Moroke’s advice is simple: Write on a matchbox what you are selling. “No matter how sophisticated your product or service, the first step is to be able to communicate what you do in one simple sentence that will fit on a matchbox — no frills,” he says. “The sentence should communicate one simple message: This is why people should buy my product or service.

“No brand can be everything to everyone. If you try and create a message that appeals to too many people, you will end up with nothing. This is why it’s so important to know who your customer is.”

4. The idea

Once you know what your business is selling, who it is selling to and what your brand truth is, you can develop your ‘big idea’, which is basically the message that your marketing campaign wants to project in order to start a conversation. “That big idea should have nothing to do with the company’s budget,” says Leishman. “Many companies, especially SMEs, shy away from conceptualising big ideas because they don’t want to allocate too much of their budget to a big marketing campaign,” he says. “Don’t let your budget hinder the idea. Rather have the idea, and then find creative ways to implement that idea based on your budget.”

5. Implementing that idea

In today’s marketing world there are a host of different ways to get a brand message across, from traditional to digital platforms, print ads to social media. An integrated marketing strategy is vital, but it’s up to the company to determine which platforms make the most sense for what they are selling, and who they are selling it to. “Not all platforms suit everyone,” says Leishman. “Every company should have a strategy and a website as a starting point, but not everyone should be on Facebook, for example. It depends on what you are trying to communicate and who you are talking to. The vehicle for your message is as important as the message itself, but don’t be restricted by which platforms you should use. The idea is to create a conversation. What is the best way for you to do that?”

6. Stay focused

Know who you are targeting and stick with it. Marketing does not have to be complicated. The rules are the same for everyone, from SMEs to large corporates. The budgets may differ, but the goal is the same: create the right message, reach your target audience and convince them to not only buy what you are selling, but tell other potential customers to do the same.

“What you ultimately want is to find the evangelists in your consumer group,” says Leishman. “Once you have them sold on your message, they will push the product or service for you — and people trust other people.” The secret to evangelists is that in order to earn that kind of loyalty, brands need to deliver appropriately and consistently. “You can’t make promises at one level and then not deliver,” he says. “This goes back to the fact that you need a strong proposition to begin with, and a clear idea of what value your brand is offering.”

Nadine Todd is the Managing Editor of Entrepreneur Magazine, the How-To guide for growing businesses. Find her on Google+.


Marketing Tactics

How Laughter Can Be Your Gateway To New Business

If you want to make sales, you need to connect with your clients. This is the secret sauce that great marketing gets right, and it has nothing to do with how big (or small) your budget is.

Mike Sharman




Like most kids, in my final year of high school I had to make a decision about my future; make a call about my career path. My head proclaimed: ‘Law!’ My guts rebelled: ‘Acting, yeah!’

My folks shrieked: ‘Acting? Do you intend on having a mortgage in your own name in your lifetime? You’ll never be able to afford a medical aid.’ Aside, but purposefully audible: ‘He’s never going to move out of home. Is he?’

So, I made a compromise. I studied a Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in marketing communication and when I completed that formality, I chose ‘acting, yeah!’

Google: ‘Acting school Los Angeles’.

Result: TVI Actor’s Studio just outside Hollywood, paid my deposit, packed a large, hard-coated Delsey suitcase and moved to The Valley for six months, to ensure that Future Mike couldn’t resent the decisions made by Past Mike.

Those six months comprised: Drinking sake and barbecuing with Counting Crows’ Adam Duritz while he orchestrated acoustic magic on his guitar; eating home-made chocolate chip cookies baked by the sweet hands of Teri Hatcher when Desperate Housewives was the most popular TV series on the planet; smashing Grey Goose on the rocks during road trips to Vegas, ululating: ‘The Goose is looooooooose’, with my housemate Chris; ordering Animal Style Double Doubles from In-N-Out Burger but, most importantly, falling in love with the natural narcotic of stand-up comedy.

Related: Brand And Marketing: Finding The Balance For SMEs

What. A. Rush. Pit of your stomach sickness, churning from line delivery, converting into convulsions of laughter, or the agony of the opposite side of the spectrum — the silent onstage assassination. Hopefully it’s the former.

Connecting with your clients

Stand-up and marketing are inextricably linked. This premise is how I live my career.

Every meeting is an opportunity to leverage humour in order to make an impact. Laughter is my gateway drug to new business. Also, the road to branded content creation is paved and then signposted in the fork of either ‘Emotion’ or ‘Humour’.

A decently written story — TV or YouTube commercial — with a quality DOP at the helm, accompanied by an orchestral score, can elevate a mediocre concept to Cannes Bronze status. The line between funny and farcical, however, is so fine.

Consider a comedian standing on stage at a club, squinting out into the blinding lights and judgemental faces of a multi-demographic audience, about to open his mouth and croak on stage for the very first time.

This also happens to be an analogy for the scenario facing the rookie social media community manager before he posts a hashtag-TBT, hashtag-blessed, hashtag-yawn piece of unoriginal content from a calendar, signed off by a marketing manager who doesn’t think their target market is on Twitter because they ‘definitely aren’t’.

Judy Carter, author of The Comedy Bible, simplifies the writing of comedic material into two components:

  • Premise
  • Act-out

It sounds too simplistic. It isn’t. We like to complicate things in the world and business, in particular, to make us seem more impressive, smarter, to elevate ourselves. It’s about being a big dick, or as someone far more eloquent than I described it — Ego. **Hat tip to Freud.**

Comedy and communication

Back to comedy and communication. In both settings — whether you are looking to connect with an audience in a comedy club environment or engage with a target market in your next advertising campaign — it is imperative that you determine the key insight, truth or premise of your material.

When I started doing stand-up in US venues, I would open on the topic of accents, as my accent was my obvious USP or differentiator when communicating to an American audience.

‘Hi. My name is Mike and I’m from South Africa. That’s why I have an accent. And, what’s weird about accents is chicks LOVE accents’ — truth (premise). Regardless of the background of my audience — age, sex, location, creed, or affluence — they identify with the statement that I have an accent and consciously or subconsciously they agree with my words or copy (if we are referring to a campaign).

The second part pertains to the acting-out of the funny; the crafting of the humour. This requires a slick delivery and commitment to the idea in order to generate audience laughter.

So, we have the premise, then we transition — immediately — into the act-out to connect the dots between truth and funny within the audience members’ minds. Comedy is dependent on what you first tell, then show your audience, and eventually how your performance becomes a catalyst for their own imagination to carry the chuckle to its limits. When we package these elements together, the execution becomes:

  • Premise: ‘Hi my name is Mike and I’m from South Africa. That’s why I have an accent. What’s weird about accents is chicks LOVE accents.’
  • Premise part two: ‘You can be Shrek, but if you’re packing an accent, you’re getting some ass!’

Act-out. Left hand behind head. Pelvic thrusts while speaking seductively into the microphone with a Scottish accent á la Shrek, simulating a movement synonymous with making sexy time: ‘Oooooh, that’ll do, Donkey. That’ll do.’

Related: 4 Ways To Implement Strategic Marketing Without Breaking The Bank

Finding a connection

There are few things more powerful in this world than words that disrupt the audience thought process. Donkey-ass puns, turning Shrek’s line of affirmation for Donkey — from its intended feature film usage — on its head, by making it smartly sexual; generating mass hysteria from a group of previously disconnected individuals, now connected through the universal language of laughter.

The best advertising in the world does exactly this. It takes an insight (premise) that connects with you as an individual, forces you to nod your head in agreement, and then leverages a powerfully constructed set of copy lines or imagery to emotionally move you.

Laughter, goosebumps, or the development of a lump in your throat. Effective communication is something that facilitates catching feelings. Whether you are on stage delivering lines, or at your keyboard posting snaps, tweets or status updates, every character that comprises a word of each phrase needs to be a purposeful paragraph composition — not just a tick box on a to do list of monthly KPIs.

We will delve into real experiences throughout this collection of personal anecdotes, because nothing doth a bigger dick make than an ‘expert’ who has all of the theory and none of the practice.

This article is an excerpt from The Best Dick: A Candid Account of Building a $1 million business by Mike Sharman.

Related: 4 Unique Marketing Ideas For SMEs On A Budget

Read this


In this his debut business book, The Best Dick, Mike Sharman invites you to share in the hustle. From the enthusiastic, entrepreneurial beginnings of a bootstrapped start-up founder — a relatively inexperienced 26-year old — to a seasoned, professional storyteller, who has built a boutique social media advertising agency that has made more brands go viral, globally, than any other studio in Africa.

Find it at all good book stores for R250.

Get your copy today

Email Tracey McDonald at and quote ‘Entrepreneur’ to buy your copy for R200 plus free shipping.

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Marketing Tactics

How Content Marketing Adds Real Value To Your Customers’ Lives

If you’re marketing on a budget, content marketing is a great way to reach your audience, add real value and gain brand traction – without breaking the bank.

Greg Tinkler




Content marketing is a relatively new type of marketing that most businesses are still trying to get their heads around. Unlike traditional media advertising, which interrupts customers to get noticed, content marketing provides content that customers want in exchange for permission to market a product or service.

Disrupted media

There’s a saying, fish where the fish are. Marketing is the same. You need your message to appear where your audience’s attention lies. I don’t believe billboards or even TV adverts hold consumer attention anymore. People aren’t looking at billboards as they drive past; most aren’t even looking at the road, they’re so busy staring at their mobile device or listening to a podcast.

Related: Your 4-Part Formula For Creating Killer Content Marketing Videos

The traditional advertising model creates ad content that interrupts consumers. Billboards, TV commercials and radio advertisements momentarily disrupt what you actually want to be doing — watching your favourite TV show or listening to a song or chat show.

These ads don’t provide any real value to the customer and they don’t offer an immediate reason to even be viewed or engaged with. Instead, they rely on good placement, clever wording and brilliant creativity to capture your attention for a brief period of time.

The rise of content marketing

In response to these problems and restrictions, content marketing is on the rise. As a marketing alternative, it’s not only more cost effective, but it doesn’t aim to interrupt your customer. Instead, it aims to add real value to their lives and businesses by plugging directly into their interests, problems and challenges.

So how does content marketing work? Companies and marketers create content in the form of blog posts, podcast recordings, downloadable guides and infographics, video content and articles that don’t push products, but offer interesting advice, tips and opinions.

The value to consumers is provided in two ways: As educational content and as entertainment content. In both cases, access to this content is free, heightening its value.

Related: 5 Reasons Your Small Business Needs Content Marketing

Get the most out of content marketing

Here are three ways to get the most out of your content marketing efforts:

  1. Provide content that your customers want. Don’t make the mistake of writing your blog posts about your business. Lesson number one is that people don’t care about your business. Provide valuable content that customers want and need in exchange for their attention. This content can be educational or entertaining. It can be a ‘How to Guide’, an in-depth stats-driven article or an entertaining video. Just make sure it’s about them, and not you.
  2. Focus on content for the customer’s benefit and only occasionally promote or push your product. This is the rule most brands and companies struggle to understand. If you’re going to provide value to your customers, you need to mostly write content for the customer’s benefit and only occasionally promote your products within the content. People are interested in articles and posts that benefit them, not ad posts touting how awesome your products are. Give your customers content that they want, and nine times out of ten you’ll be rewarded with engaged and targeted audiences.
  3. Write cornerstone content. Cornerstone content is content that can be easily found by your ideal customers. It’s content that provides incredible value to customers over a long period of time. How-To Guides, resources, 101 content and instructional videos all fall into this category. It should be content that customers can refer back to, and which has a long lifespan. This also immediately increases the ROI of your content production, as you only need to create the content once, but it will continue to bring returns.

Bringing it all together

As you make your final marketing push for the year and gear up for next year, make sure content marketing forms a vital part of your strategy. Learn to write engaging blog posts, invest in a podcast setup and push video content. No one is expecting your content to be perfect — you are the expert in your area, and have great advice to share. That’s what will keep your audience engaged and coming back for more.

Just remember that this is a long play. Success won’t happen overnight. It takes time to build momentum — but over time, you will notice increased traffic, more leads and more sales.

Getting Started

  • Do you know what your clients are interested in, concerned with or challenged by?
  • Are you offering advice, tips or opinions that tap into these areas?
  • Does your content mostly focus on your clients and not you?

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Marketing Tactics

4 Ways To Implement Strategic Marketing Without Breaking The Bank

Marketing your start-up is all about the right strategies, not how much money you spend. You need to build your reputation from the ground up. Here’s how you can get started.

Mongezi Mtati



Strategic marketing

Building a fledgling business is as much about increasing your client base as it is about building a positive reputation around the business and its expertise. Many experts and seasoned entrepreneurs argue that clients buy from people they trust and building that trust hinges on various parameters.

Take Steve Jobs, Wendy Luhabe, Richard Branson and many other leading business minds whose brands are built on years of credibility and trust. The truth is that equal attention needs to be given to great products and building trust within your client base.

Here are five skills that we’ve used to build our reputation at WordStart.

1Sharpen your writing skills for media and general communication

Create media coverage. Write on a company platform (like a blog) or for established media outlets. This will position you and your business in ways that get people to listen and share your knowledge.

Having your name next to an article on a respected platform can lead to useful connections with relevant contacts. A series of media features and industry commentary also help to position your business and team as experts in your field.

2Share industry trends

People will generally do research in and around an industry to find insights and trends, sometimes before they buy anything in that industry — and even afterwards. When I search for information on photography, Canon appears more than any other brand and they tend to set the scene on which device to buy.

Imagine your business is construction and that homeowners endorse your skills as a home improvement specialist. Packaging your knowledge into industry trends is also a great way to use your own lessons about the industry as you grow and it also helps you to connect with potential customers. Useful information with your name on it can increase your sales and client base.

3Edit. Edit. Edit


Something that cannot be stressed enough is that your writing in client documents can tarnish your brand. Many businesses tend to overlook the importance of grammar in their documents.

It can be difficult to reread and rewrite documents that you use in the business, but that is precisely what can lead to the loss of new and existing business.

Pay attention to how your business uses language and edit that work. When in doubt, read it again and be sure that nothing was missed. 

4Practice public speaking and search for opportunities

After you have written for various publications, you increase the likelihood of being invited to speak at conferences and seminars, which means that people put a face and voice to the written expertise. In some instances, the speaking engagements can be paid for by conference organisers which can be an additional revenue stream.

Public speaking, especially industry-related speaking, will increase the likelihood of selling more products or services and this will separate you from the competition. By increasing the trust customers have in you, you can improve the likelihood of them buying from you.

Once a business is positioned as a team of experts with the ability to speak for their industry, opportunities open up for that business to create unique content. Industry leaders who are able to help the public to connect the dots through the information they share are regularly on guest lists.

Is there anything you can share that your industry peers and the public may find eye-opening? There may be a conference organiser looking for you.

5Educate the market and build a client base

One of the advantages of being part of an industry is that you have inside information that the general public does not have. This presents an opportunity for you and your business to become a self-nominated industry mouthpiece.

When an individual and business share news about an industry, they can create a new client base because the public associates them with that information.

One of the best cases in South Africa is Discovery’s Vitality rewards programme, where you earn points for being healthy. This does not mean that Momentum, Bonitas, Sanlam, Sizwe and other players do not have similar or even better offerings. Vitality is more visible and more vocal about the fact that leading a healthier life can get you rewards.

A great reputation may lead to positive word-of-mouth for your business and increased sales over a longer period than a single marketing message.

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