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Business Model

How To Be A First-Mover

How to create a business model to compete with new technologies.

Tracy Lee Nicol



Building-a-Business-Model-Starting a Business

Radical business model innovation

Back in the day, business models were quite simple: Buy low, sell high. It’s the basis of capitalism and the more it’s repeated, the richer you get. But with new technologies and globalisation, the world has become more complex and competitive, meaning this simple business model can’t deliver a competitive advantage needed to stay ahead of the pack. Though disruptive new business models are emblematic of our generation, they remain poorly understood. To get busy redefining your business model, here’s what you need to know.

Business model 101

Before you can innovate and refine a business model, you need to understand what and where you can tweak. Simply put, a business model is a description of how an organisation creates, delivers and captures value. This can be broken down into nine elements:

1. Value proposition

A clear description of the company’s offering and how it solves problems or creates value for customers.

2. Customer segments

The specific group of people that the organisation aims to serve.

3. Channels

The means that a company uses to reach, communicate with, and deliver to its customer segment.

4. Customer relationships

The methods used to maintain relationships with customer segments.

5. Revenue streams

The income generation and collection mechanism in the business.

6. Key resources

The most important assets that the company needs to make the other elements of the business model work.

7. Key activities

The most important things that a company must do to make its business model work.

8. Key partnerships

The network of suppliers and partners that make the business model work.

9. Cost structure

The major costs that need to be incurred to sustain the business model.

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Time to Get Innovative About Your Business Model


Now to build and refine

Through these nine elements you’re able to understand your current business, whether it can be refined to be more profitable, and where there’s room for designing a new business model. The process is relatively simple but extremely powerful.

  • Understand your model

Bring together your management team and other external participants, and present a copy of your current business model. Explain the nine different components and what they mean to the business so everyone’s on the same page.

  • Brainstorm new ideas

Brainstorm ideas for different ways of doing things within the business model. If you’re designing a new business model, the focus should be on how you build up the different elements to create a valuable enterprise. Ask yourself, “How can we do things differently?”, “How can we create more value?” and “How can we be more efficient?” Be sure everyone participates and all suggestions are recorded for pondering later. Draw up a business model canvas including all suggestions made, and put it up where everyone
can see it.

  • Identify good ideas

Identify good ideas with the input of everyone from the group. Try using gold star stickers where participants can vote for their top picks.

  • Rewrite the model

Bring the best ideas together in a coherent business model. Get each participant to rewrite the business model using the best picks. Each person can then present their new model back to the group.

  • Take action

Begin implementation of the new model by creating a set of action steps and allocating responsibility for their implementation.

How to use the methodology

Here are some examples of business models that have emerged and proliferated over
the last 20 years.

  • Long tail business models

In short: A company sells lower quantities of more types of products to niche groups of customers. Unlike finding a ‘hit’ product to appeal to large segments of mainstream customers, you service small, dispersed groups.

An example is book publisher Instead of finding the next Harry Potter, is an emerging book publishing business. It enables amateur authors (read: anyone) to publish a book. They make money by providing authors with the tools to self-publish and a platform for buying and selling these books.

  • Multi-sided Platforms

In short: These bring together buyers and sellers by creating a space where people can transact. The model creates value by facilitating interactions between groups of people. It gains value as more people use it.

An example is local real estate platform, Private Property that brings together buyers and sellers of real estate on the Internet. Other examples include eBay, Gumtree, Apple App Store and Google advertising.

  • Freemium

In short: Yes it’s possible to deliver a product or service to a large customer segment for free; having non-paying customers financed by some other portion of the business. By offering products or services for free, you generate demand and create interest which then encourages a customer segment to buy additional products or services.

An example is Skype. Provided you have an Internet connection, video calls are free (except for the bandwidth you’re paying your ISP for). This gets people using the network. There are then a whole lot of additional services that are worth paying for — like group video conferencing or calling from Skype to phone. Other examples include YouTube and Dropbox.

  • Bait & Hook

In short: The business model lures customers in with a relatively cheap, upfront purchase but then makes money by offering more lucrative ongoing services.

An example is BMW Financial Services. BMW retailers give customers a very good deal on cars, and then use the Financial Services package as a means to finance the car. Ongoing interest payments by the customers ensure the model makes money.

Tracy-Lee Nicol is an experienced business writer and magazine editor. She was awarded a Masters degree with distinction from Rhodes university in 2010, and in the time since has honed her business acumen and writing skills profiling some of South Africa's most successful entrepreneurs, CEOs, franchisees and franchisors.Find her on Google+.

Business Model

Organisational Design Disruptions Do Not Occur In A Vacuum: Future Business Models

What is the shape of the world in which models need to operate and how do they come together to build future value?






In today’s ever-changing world, organisations are using a disruptive business model design to build unique approaches to creating value and organisations that are ready for the future.

At all scales, from micro-enterprise to multinational, operating in multiple settings and contexts, rethinking business models has become one of definite ways of offering customers something truly better than what already exists.

To ensure sustainable business growth, businesses need to navigate modern economic development and societal issues and in so doing articulate what meaningful, inclusive and enduring value looks like. In the past, a linear approach to business model design may have sufficed – inputs enter a logical process that creates outputs of value.

Today, to truly deliver a value proposition that can flourish, an understanding of the way that complex adaptive systems come together to create both outputs and outcomes is required. ACCA identified12 characteristics that organisations are combining as they build new business models. The full model and characteristics can be read here.

The accountancy profession is well placed to support the growth of business models of the future that help build resilient, inclusive and prosperous societies, by leading in strategic roles. In order to be ready to make the most of these opportunities professional accountants will demand new skills. Financial acumen, technical knowledge and ethical judgement are attributes that the accountancy profession can uniquely bring to support business model innovation across the three spheres of value proposition, value creation and value capture.

Related: How SMPs Can Support Businesses Looking To Internationalise

But to navigate the contours of a changing economy, new mindsets are required. These include the ability to:

  • think like a system
  • understand how to capture and assess new sources of value
  • build creative capabilities to think differently and problem solve
  • adopt a long-term mindset.

Business models of the future: Systems, convergence and characteristics attempts to answer fundamental questions; why does business model innovation matter? What is the shape of the world in which models need to operate and how do they come together to build future value?

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Business Model

Developing A Business Model That Works

Use these six tips to create the financial section of a business plan that will get your company off the ground.

Scott Duffy




The following excerpt is from Scott Duffy’s book Breakthrough.

What’s the first step in figuring out how to execute your big idea? Creating a working model for your business.

We’ve all been brainwashed into thinking that the best way to do this is to sit behind our desks and write a long, detailed business plan. You know the kind: It starts with a fancy cover and your mission statement, then describes your team, market, product, competition, and so on.

Most entrepreneurs spend a lot of time and resources writing their plan. Too often, they get feedback from all the wrong people. Their friends and family want to support them, but they’re telling the entrepreneurs only what they want to hear — that they have come up with the next Google or Apple or Tesla (keep in mind, none of this feedback is coming from customers).

By the time the entrepreneur gets to the last section in the business plan — the financials — he’s totally sold on the idea. Sometimes the financial section is left unfinished or dropped entirely as the business is launched.

And why not? We’re passionate. We’re committed. We know we can’t fail. So what are we waiting for? Let’s go!

Here’s the problem: Most entrepreneurs change their business model six times when working through the financial section of their plans. While running the numbers, they identify key distinctions with regard to income and expenses. They gain a deeper understanding of what it will take to break even and how to achieve free cash flow. As a result, they come up with better-informed strategies for attaining their desired financial outcomes.

The most important part of the initial business planning process, and the one people most often neglect, is getting your numbers to tell a story that makes sense for you and your investors. If you start at the beginning of the plan only to learn that your assumptions about the business don’t add up once you reach the end, you’ve lost valuable time and money.

Related: The Top Business Models For Your New Start-Up Business

Regardless of whether you’re in startup or growth mode or moving to the next stage of your business, mistakes can be costly, so here’s what I recommend:

1. Start with the last page first

Once I have a basic understanding of what I’d like to build, the market, my target customers, the busi­ness opportunity, and the product, I dig right into the numbers and create a simple one-page spreadsheet that clearly identifies how the money flows. Basically, I write business plans backward. I’ve learned that once the numbers tell the story you want, the rest of the plan will write itself.

2. Don’t wait

Don’t make this process more difficult than it needs to be. Limit your model to one page. Create the simplest, most basic spreadsheet you can that identifies income, expenses, breakeven, cash flow, and the capital required to achieve your outcome. Use conservative assumptions, and don’t rely on best-case scenarios.

3. Get out of the office

You’ll learn more about your business by getting into the market than you ever will sitting behind a desk. At least 50 percent of your time should be outside the office gathering information that can be applied to your plan. That means contacting industry insiders to learn more about the market, talking to prospective customers about their needs, and testing your competition’s products and services.

4. Be careful who you listen to

When we have an idea we passion­ately believe in, we’re convincing. It’s easy for our family and friends to tell us we have a winner on our hands because they want to be supportive.

But when you’re modeling your busi­ness, the people whose feedback matters most are current and potential customers. Listen to what they have to say and apply what you learn to your model. Let their feedback, and not your enthusiasm, sway your projections.

5. Don’t throw out negative feedback

Sometimes it can be difficult to absorb negative feedback in a constructive frame of mind because we’re so close to our projects and have so much on the line. We start rejecting and deflecting feedback that isn’t in line with what we believe.

But honest, educated feedback is like gold — use it to open your mind and ask tough questions about your assumptions. You must be obsessively committed to asking what you can learn from this feedback and how you can apply it.

This is especially important for people entering new markets where they don’t have prior experience. Getting feedback from others who’ve lived in the space will add to your perspective. Sometimes you’ll learn that there are things you don’t know as a newcomer that would significantly impact your financial results.

In fact, this holds true throughout your business’s lifetime. The entrepreneurs I know who’ve built the most successful and thriving businesses are obsessed with getting constant feedback from the marketplace and adapting their businesses based on evolving market needs.

Related: Developing a Stable Business Model

6. Be open to what the numbers tell you

The worst thing you can do is try to manipulate a model to match your assumptions. You need to approach your financial model with a completely open mind.

Recognise that it will probably take longer than you ini­tially thought to get to market, generate revenue, create profits, and accumulate the cash flow you need to operate and further invest in the business. By being open, you’ll be able to make distinctions, apply them to your business, and set yourself on a path to success.

You need to be clear on where you want to go and put a simple and adaptable plan in place to help you get there. The clearer your vision is upfront, the easier it will be to back a plan to help you get there. Being obsessed with customer feedback will enable you to tweak strategy in a way that evolves with the market and helps keep you on top of the competition.

This article was originally posted here on

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Business Model

4 Types Of Business Models To Suit Your Business Concept

There are four main types of business models, see which one suits your business concept.

Alison Job



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Different types of business models suit different types of businesses. A business model is the way that a company sells products to its customers. It describes how a business creates, delivers, and captures value.

What type of business model should you adopt?

A business model defines how the enterprise delivers value to customers, gets them to pay for that value, and converts those payments to profit.

There are four basic types of business model that any for-profit business will fall into:

  1. Manufacturer
  2. Distributor
  3. Retailer
  4. Franchise.
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