Where does it all begin?
Any entrepreneurial started and run business that continues to manifest sustained and exponential growth over an extended period of time becomes a prime target for some merger and acquisition private equity activity. To the uninitiated entrepreneur, the initial approach of a private equity firm acting on behalf of interested investors can be a very flattering experience.
It is not surprising with the state of the international economy since 2008 that well run entrepreneurial businesses are prime targets. These companies tend to have tremendous growth prospects into areas where established businesses are starting to fade.
However, once a business reaches this stage in its life cycle, the entrepreneur has some critical decisions to make.
With 50% – 80% of all mergers and acquisitions not achieving their goals, you have to consider things carefully.
Factors for Consideration
- Am I able to find continued and sustainable growth initiatives going forward?
- Has my business reached the end of its growth cycle as it is currently constituted?
- Is my capital structure adequate to fund growth?
- If I did a transaction, what opportunities would it present for growth?
- Is there a cultural fit or a potential culture shock?
- Is the acquiring party bringing tangible value to what I have built?
- How would a potential transaction affect the culture of the business you have built and would it complement the objectives that you are trying to achieve or frustrate them?
All the above factors, and there may be many more, are absolutely critical to consider in this process.
All too often, the entrepreneur becomes a little intoxicated by the opportunity to take some cash off the table and the enticement of gaining some immediate value is overshadowed by the very real consequences of suddenly having an outside interest in what was previously your exclusive domain.
The most critical component in considering a transaction, which would lead to an outside interest, is having a very clear and decisive strategy behind the transaction other than the realisation of wealth.
If you had to play devil’s advocate with a transaction, could you not achieve the desired result by first exploring a revised capital structure which would incorporate funding without the sacrifice of equity? There are some circumstances in which sustained growth requires attracting outside investment and allowing the borrowing entity to take a negotiated shareholder stake in the business. But is this always the case?
If you can achieve your objectives without outside interest, this would certainly be first prize. Why would we say this? It’s simple: you have been an instrumental reason behind the success of your business and if you are competent to take it forward without an outside interest, then it is best done this way.
This leaves the unique culture and the reasons for success in tact, with the ability to achieve sustained growth. That is why the philosophy behind the liberation of any equity in an acquirer’s favour needs to have a carefully designed and conceptualised strategy, along with all the elements of the deal complementing this growth philosophy.
- Stay as you are, satisfied with your organic growth and accept the “boutique” nature of what you have built and consider your options when you no longer see your way clear to continuing with the business.
- Stay as you are, no outside interest, but with a revised capital structure if your business is capable of carrying the funding to achieve your growth objectives.
- Raise capital to achieve growth objectives and sacrifice as little as possible of your shareholding to an outside interest to achieve this.
- Consider being acquired or acquiring another business of a similar type that will allow you to achieve your growth objectives.
Critical aspect of choices
Having considered the above, not having a clear comprehensive vision of what you are trying to achieve will lead to frustration and agitation and the potential demise of a brilliant business.
Entrepreneurs are curious souls who thrive on their independence and a particular leadership style in achieving their objectives. They are often rendered challenged when placed in structured corporate environments, being confronted by the endless compliance and governance required by outside shareholders. This more often than not leads to the dampening of their entrepreneurial spirit, with the resultant lack lustre performance of a once thriving business.
There is also the culture shock of the acquiring party having to deal with the flamboyant business style of some entrepreneurs.
Therefore, it may be more desirable to pursue a pure private equity type transaction, where you attract some capital and sacrifice some shareholding (nothing more than 30%) to achieve this, rather than being acquired by a similar business that will then try and rationalise their business with yours ( a sure-fire way to end up with internal disputes).
Innocence lost never regained
Once a deal is done, your business is seldom the same. How could it be: you have outside interest to cater for. The new shareholders are passionate about having made the “right” investment; the money they have paid renders a return that is aligned to their expectation at the time of acquisition. Why shouldn’t it be? They have paid good money to gain you as well as your business, and as creative as you are, they are still anxious about their capital integrity and the anticipated return.
The entrepreneur has to face up to these changes and manage the process in a constructive way. The ideas that used to be decided in your mind must now move into the boardroom. This can be frustrating. It is clear to you, and you know it is right, but the shareholders need to be convinced. You feel it is the right way to go, however they are concerned about their investment.
All businesses have life cycles. It is an art to be able to grow your business in a sustainable way, fed by a clearly defined vision for growth and opportunity. Never be resistant to explore growth opportunities, whilst keeping your vision firmly focused on your objectives.
How To Partner Successfully With A Younger Boss
Age sometimes seems a lot more than just a number
Just a few years ago, millennials surpassed Generation Xers to become the largest cohort in the United States workforce, according to PEW research. As a result, more and more young people are assuming positions of management.
Being managed by someone younger can feel uncomfortable.
I have to admit, I get into the habit of comparing myself to other people. Those who are younger than us who have advanced further professionally can make us feel inadequate or resentful.
At one of the start-ups where I worked, one co-founder was a decade younger than me. At first I felt awkward with the heavy slate of marketing, sales and social media duties she assigned me. It wasn’t too long, though, before we settled into a groove and formed a strong working relationship.
Creating a bond with a younger manager can have significant positive effects on your own career. Here’s how you should manage it:
Identify skills that helped your boss advance and develop them in yourself
Even innovative businesses will adhere to rules of thumb. One rule of thumb many business leaders believe, rightly or wrongly, is that experience is valuable in and of itself. If your manager is younger than you, it means she probably had to overcome stereotypes and false assessments to get there.
Rather than assume your manager is a young punk who had a managerial role handed to her, work on identifying the skills that helped your boss to succeed. By developing the same skills within yourself, you’ll be more likely to enter a managerial role as well.
To get started, consider asking your manager point blank to identify the skills that she thinks were most useful in propelling her career forward. Once identified, make it clear that it’s a goal to develop those same skills within yourself. A good manager will take this conversation as a sign that you are a driven professional.
Alternatively, you could have a conversation with the person who decided to promote your manager in the first place. As long as you position your question to ensure that it sounds like it’s coming from a good place, the senior manager should have no problem sharing this information with you.
Think of your relationship as a partnership
Your manager is not your parent or your babysitter. If it feels as though your manager is overbearing, have a conversation with her about it. Otherwise, you should treat the relationship you have with your manager as a partnership.
Chances are you are both being evaluated on the same or similar metrics. If you fail, your manager fails, and if your manager fails, you fail. By changing your perspective on this important professional relationship, you may find working with a manager who is younger than you to be more comfortable.
Related: Build Better Business Relationships
Most managers simply want to ensure that whatever they’re working on is completed in the best way possible. They’ll be happy to work with employees who are collaborative, open to new ideas and motivated to get the job done.
In return, a manager who is satisfied with your work can make it more likely that you will also find yourself in a management role someday. If nothing else, you can consider leaving your current company and listing your current manager as a reference if you are able to develop a strong relationship.
Trade experience for new ideas
Both you and your manager have important knowledge that can be made more valuable when put together. You probably have accumulated wisdom from on the job experience, and your manager might have a fresh perspective or innovative new ideas.
Together wisdom and innovation can form a valuable pair that propels both you and your manager to success.
Make sure you make it clear that you are open to new perspectives and new ideas, and offer your experience when appropriate to guide your manager to making smarter choices.
Encourage open feedback in both directions
Feedback is a critical component of professional growth. So much so that companies like Goldman Sachs are overhauling their feedback processes to boost employee performance. As a younger manager, she may feel anxious or conflicted about providing you with honest feedback. Instead, “manage up” and invite your manager to provide you with honest feedback.
In doing so, you will also set expectations that your manager should invite candidate feedback from you as well. By creating open dialogue between you and your manager, you’ll accelerate your professional learning curve and avoid passive aggressive moments.
Though your manager may be younger than you, she earned the privilege of managing a team for a reason. As an ambitious professional, it’s your job to understand why your manager earned that role and to begin cultivating the same skills within yourself.
Instead of feeling resentful, partner with your manager to share feedback and wisdom as you both work to achieve success.
By committing yourself to professional self-improvement, you may soon find yourself managing your own team of people who are older than you.
This article was originally posted here on Entrepreneur.com.
The Case For A Business Partner Who Makes You Uncomfortable
Should you even have a comfort zone?
As humans, we love living within our comfort zone. Science tells us that our comfort zones are a place where activities and experiences fit a pattern and a routine that we’re used to. It’s a place of minimum risk for us, which is why it feels so good to stay in that bubble. The idea of adding experiences and actions that could be stressful, lead to failure or worse is not appealing to our minds. So, we get into comfortable routines and rationalise why we are not doing all the things we’ve dreamt and talked about doing in our businesses. This is a familiar pattern that we’ve repeated most of our adult life.
As you grow a business, there comes a point where it makes sense to bring in others who could help the business grow.
This could be a business partner, it could be a board of advisors, or it can be contractors that do tasks we’re not qualified to do. There is a safe route where you can bring in only what makes you comfortable and only entrepreneurs that are YES people – they agree with what you do and say even though they know it’s not right. Or, you can take a different path. You can explore the zone right outside of your comfort zone.
Charlie Munger is the vice chairman of Berkshire Hathaway. Warren Buffet describes him as “his partner.” They have been in business together for 56 years.
Munger has been quoted saying, “we don’t agree totally on everything, and yet we’re quite respectful of one another.”
Over the years, the advice Munger has given Buffet has not been as a yes man to Buffet, and for that reason, both have flourished. They’ve built an amazing company that keeps growing every year.
In April of 1975, Bill Gates and Paul Allen formed a partnership that led to a little company called Microsoft. You are probably using some of their products as you read this article. Their company has become one of the largest in the world. These days, it seems their partnership is not what it once was but it was those early days of partnering with someone who made Bill Gates step outside of his comfort zone that helped the company grow. They complimented each other in different ways. They weren’t yes partners. They pushed and challenged each other and that’s what led to growth.
A wise man once said that if you’re not uncomfortable, you’re not growing. We have run from discomfort when the reality is that there are situations in which the discomfort comes from growing. When you can learn to embrace the opportunity to get uncomfortably from growth, you can take your business to whatever the next level is for you.
There are things you excel in. There are things you’re not so good at. The right business partner – and business partnerships – can help complete the areas you lack. We know that we’re the average of the people we associate with. Traditional logic tells you to associate and partner with people that make you comfortable.
While we want to associate with people whose personalities match, we want to seek out entrepreneurs that will push, inspire, motivate, and challenge us in the ways we can’t do for ourselves.
You want a business partner that will call you out when you’re clearly making excuses. They will challenge traditional ways of thinking about growth strategies. They will inspire you through the actions they’re already taking in their life and business. They walk their talk and let their success doing all the talking for them publicly. They are sincerely invested in seeing you succeed without expecting anything in return. They have love for you. They will stay with you through the good times and especially the hard times.
Don’t pick YES entrepreneurs or add them to your circle. Pick entrepreneurs that make you uncomfortable in a way that leads to growth in life and business. You only get one life to live. You have a goal and dream for your business. The right partners or partners can help you get there in a way that helps you scale.
This article was originally posted here on Entrepreneur.com.
Selling Your Business To Your Business Partner
Follow these tips for creating a deal to sell your business that both you and your business partner will be satisfied with.
The following excerpt is from Mark J. Kohler and Randall A. Luebke’s book The Business Owner’s Guide to Financial Freedom.
Selling your business to a partner is probably the most common ownership transfer among small businesses. The reason is, your partners have a clear picture as to the value of the business, its potential, and what they need to do in order to replace you in the operations.
Selling to a partner is often one of the easier transfers to handle legally – not that partners don’t have their battles and disagreements – but most buying partners want to make the transition smooth and get the selling partner out quickly and painlessly. Many times, I feel that partners are amenable and anxious to define the transaction and process so that they themselves can utilise the same method with a good conscience in the future.
The document that typically lays the groundwork for a partnership sale like this is called the “Buy-Sell Agreement.” These types of agreements are drafted daily by law firms around the country and are actually implemented for more reasons than a partner wanting to sell.
In a more elaborate Buy-Sell Agreement for a more mature or established partnership, the document will cover issues of divorce, death, disability and a requested departure or exit. I call these the “Four Ds,” and each is important to address with predefined terms.
The primary purpose of the Buy-Sell Agreement is to define the procedure for the transfer of ownership, price, terms and transition well in advance of any event causing a transfer. This is a powerful tool because it prevents a partner from holding another partner hostage at a price or process in the heat of emotions when the transfer is needed.
For example, if all partners understand the process to determine the value well in advance, then they can work more clearly toward increasing the value of the business. Each party also knows that they’re all held to the same equation and process no matter what side they’re on. This way, it will be fair when the time comes for each partner to leave the partnership (at least, that’s the goal of the document and can certainly minimise the chance of a lawsuit). Following are some details you need to know about the Buy-Sell Agreement.
Determining the value
Most Buy-Sell Agreements require the partners to agree to the value of the company on an annual basis and record it in the annual partnership meeting. This may seem arbitrary, but if everybody agrees (typically requiring a unanimous vote) and everyone knows the value applies to everyone, then who cares what anyone from the outside thinks? If the partners can’t agree, then a third-party appraiser is brought in to do a formal valuation if a buyout is triggered during the upcoming year.
Oftentimes, the terms are based on a note, with interest, paid out over five to 10 years. This can obviously create the retirement income a partner is looking for, and over the period of payments, it will spread out the tax bill as well. Some Buy-Sell Agreements require the remaining partners to obtain a loan for a good portion of the purchase price and then finish off the rest with a Note. This allows the departing partner to invest the initial money received wisely to create additional cash flow and prepare for when the payments under the Note end.
First right of refusal
Typically, there’s a first right of refusal that must be given to the remaining partner(s) when a partner wants to leave or sell. This means that before a partner can run out into the open market and look for another buyer, they first have to offer their ownership interest to the other partners. This obviously can create some hurdles for the partner wanting to sell because they first have to find a third party willing to buy into a partnership where they may not be welcomed with open arms, probably be in a minority position, and then have to wait around for the other partners to exercise their first right of refusal. But, again, it’s a protection mechanism that “cuts both ways” and protects all the partners.
To protect both parties, there can be a provision requiring the departing partner to sign a noncompete, and also the remaining partner or partners to “pledge” the partnership interest they purchased as security or collateral for the Note they’re paying off. Thus, if the buying partner(s) defaults, the selling partner can come back into the company as an equity partner to try to recover the remaining sales price or value sold in the original agreement.
It’s OK for a partnership not to have a Buy-Sell Agreement in place, but it can increase the tension in the case of a partner selling when the remaining partners didn’t foresee the situation and don’t have the wherewithal to buy out their partner. In these situations, I tell the partners to turn immediately to their partnership agreement (typically an LLC Operating Agreement) to understand what the governing document allows for when it comes to a partner who wants to get out or sell.
If you’re in a partnership and you have the slightest thought that you might want to sell in the next 10 years, and your partner might just be the buyer, then implement a Buy-Sell Agreement immediately. Don’t mess around with the disaster that can be created in a partnership when it becomes volatile or a partner up and decides they want out.
This article was originally posted here on Entrepreneur.com.
Start-up Industry Specific4 weeks ago
How Do I Start A Transport Or Logistics Business?
Snapshots9 years ago
Habari Media: Adrian Hewlett
Snapshots4 weeks ago
27 Of The Richest People In South Africa
Types of Businesses to Start4 weeks ago
11 Uniquely South African Business Ideas
Entrepreneur Profiles7 months ago
10 SA Entrepreneurs Who Built Their Businesses From Nothing
Types of Businesses to Start7 months ago
10 Business Ideas Ready To Launch!
Support for Women Entrepreneurs10 months ago
10 Successful SA Women Entrepreneurs’ Top Advice On Balancing Work And Family
Lessons Learnt4 weeks ago
6 Of The Most Profitable Small Businesses In South Africa