The Bakos Brothers decorating Centre – an eye-catching corner property in Dunkeld, Johannesburg, is a well known landmark. It offers decorating, design, planning and furnishing services, and also serves as the headquarters for the family-owned furniture business which has showrooms in Sandton City, Design Quarter Fourways, Pretoria and Nelspruit. Several more are in the pipeline following a total refurbishment of the company by Ryan Bakos, the young and super-energetic new face of the iconic luxury furniture brand.
The first Bakos Brothers retail store opened its doors in 1971, in Rissik Street, Johannesburg. Of Lebanese descent, the brothers – Norman, Tyrone, Dennis, Bernard and Donald – came from a family with a strong entrepreneurial background and a couple of them had already owned their own furniture shops when they decided to pool their skills and resources to create a store that sold elegant pieces to an upmarket clientele and focused strongly on customer service finesse. The brothers’ hard work and commitment to the company saw them launching a second store two years later, also in the CBD. When television was introduced to the country in 1976, they spotted the gap in the market and Bakos Brothers became South Africa’s number one television retailer.
They sourced fine furniture from around the world, giving discerning consumers access to international designs and trends. That immediately differentiated the experience of shopping at the plush store, setting the business apart long before brand awareness became the marketing catchphrase that it is today. Bakos Brothers was synonymous with opulent living and gave South Africans a taste of what has since become known as lifestyle furniture and design.
The company also diversified into property development. In 1977, the brothers built a modern shopping centre in Nelspruit. A first for the town, the project was spearheaded by Dennis Bakos, the eldest of the five, and father to Ryan, who was destined to take over the reins from childhood.
A family tradition
By 2008, the brothers were confident that Ryan was old enough and experienced enough in the workings of the business to assume the role of leader. They realised it was time to inject new energy into the business, and Ryan was ready. It’s a job he says he was groomed for from the time he learnt to walk and talk.
“My uncles are conservative and traditionalist. The company consisted of three stores, a small staff, ancient systems and a real mom and pop attitude. Information flow was non-existent. It was hard to determine stock levels and find price lists. The things they excelled at were an eye for quality and superb salesmanship, but we needed to reinvent the Bakos Brothers brand to enable the business to grow in what has become an intensely competitive market. Luckily, I have always been more interested in back-end systems than the front-end. My experience with etailer eDreams had given me a huge insight into information systems, and I started to apply those learnings from the day I walked in.”
Never a good student, Ryan completed school in 1998. He had failed standard eight and was only too keen to matriculate and get his formal education over and done with. Interestingly, not one of the brothers who started Bakos matriculated, and Ryan’s own brother Sheldon is the only man in the family to have a degree. After school, Ryan went straight on to join the commercial and retail property side of the family business, working alongside his father. In 2000, he moved into furniture retail where he spent two years as a salesman, also delivering furniture and doing lots of manual labour in the warehouse. “Working anywhere else was never an option for me,” he says. “The business is as much a part of our family as we are of it.”
Profiting from outside experience
It’s well known in the business world that family-owned companies often suffer when the reins are handed over by the founder to the next generation. The founders work hard and build a business, the children take it over and are poorly prepared to manage and make it grow but they enjoy the wealth, and the grandchildren inherit a dead business and an empty bank account. Ryan and his family were determined that would not be the case.
At 21, he was encouraged to take a gap year and went to London where he waited tables and then backpacked around Europe. On his return to South Africa, he went back into the retail side in sales for two years and then moved into property for another five years. He became a property manager and – with responsibilities to both the landlord and the tenants – he got the opportunity to grow his real estate knowledge and combine this with management skills.
As a sideline, in 2003 he and a friend started a mail order company that imported consumer products from overseas. That became eDreams, a hugely successful and popular online shopping site in which Ryan continues to have an interest. It’s a business venture that gave him profound insight into what it takes to systematise operations.
“eDreams taught me a great amount about the importance of sophisticated functionality and the availability of information,” he says. “We spent nearly two years developing the website and today it is able to handle thousands of orders at any given time with just six staff. It was an excellent training ground for what happened next.”
But when he took over, it was not an easy period for the company. The recession was in full swing, margins were tight, and cheaper competitors had popped up all over the country. However, Ryan believes that what kept the business alive over four decades and through so many changes in fashion and style is family. “The difference between us and everybody else is that we remain a family business. My uncles come to work every morning and they open up the stores. They really are the greatest salesmen. Nothing can compete with that. It’s a great company to work for as that family ethos is pervasive. The environment is warm and friendly, and not at all corporate. Even though we now have commercial systems and processes in place, the atmosphere remains the same, and customers feel it too. If there is ever a problem, the customer can get hold of a Bakos to sort it out for them – they will not be sent from manager to manager. That’s because the brothers started the business from scratch. They drove around delivering couches – that service culture remains. It’s an essential part of our training programme; all our salespeople learn how to treat the customer the Bakos way.” Under Ryan’s leadership, the Bakos Brothers brand has undergone considerable changes, and it’s behind the scenes that some of the most innovative modifications have taken place, with Ryan revitalising the business and preparing the company for major growth into the second decade of the millennium.
“When I was appointed CEO, my goals were to revitalise the business, leveraging all the good, solid, family values that were in place, while at the same time overhauling all the systems and processes that would hamper growth. My uncles had not been interested in expansion, but I made them realise that it would be the best way forward for the business as we needed greater visibility if we wanted to remain competitive.
On the question of trust, Ryan points out that the brothers took no convincing when it came to making him CEO. That was how he in turn encouraged them to let him implement the changes to the business, the results of which are clearly evident in the figures, with turnover in the nine digits.
“Trust and support make all the difference in a family business,” he says. “The five brothers have worked together for so long and I grew up as their son. They have always had conviction in my desire to do the best for the business. In any family concern, the older generation must be prepared to let go and to have faith in the youngsters. Change is fundamental to growth. Less than five years ago the company was still run on carbon paper copies. Today we are geared up for national expansion.”
Reinvention in the midst of the downturn
Ryan’s decision to open a 4 500m2 factory in Wynberg at a time when the market was in severe downturn – employment in the furniture manufacturing industry had dropped by 11% to less than 40 000 by 2009 – was a brave move. It has helped the company to take on larger competitors, adjust its pricing and cut out the middlemen.
Up until then, Bakos Brothers had been a focused retail company that bought from local manufacturers and imported most of its sofas. They were buying expensive fabrics and couches from suppliers, all of whom had their own margins. The only way to bring costs down was to start making their own furniture.
Ryan notes that he was astonished by how many furniture companies were wiped out by the recession. “I know of seven major factories and retailers that have disappeared. The closure of these businesses worked to our advantage, with the company sourcing both skilled employees and relatively new equipment from the defunct factories.”
The factory now provides work for 160 people and the company buys fabrics and leather in bulk, direct from the wholesalers. This has made it possible to bring down the tag of a couch from about R40 000 to R 9 000. The showrooms have been redesigned to feature both ranges – top-end and more affordable.
The company also brought on board Gerald Yosh, a legend in the local furniture business who is now in his 70s, to head the manufacturing division and assist with design. “You can feel the presence of genius when you are around him,” says Ryan. “He has so much experience and knowledge and he’s also helping us to bring in even more business. We meet every day and speak constantly.”
Expanding market share
The establishment of the factory is enabling the company to grow its national footprint. From appealing to just 2% of the market previously, it’s expanding rapidly. In 2009, a new store was opened in Nelspruit. This was a first for the business which had operated solely in Gauteng up to then. “The store was a tester to see how efficiently we could control a business remotely. We got our managers involved in the project and it has really taken off. I’m pleased about that. I grew up in Nelspruit and my family has had a long history there so it was important for me to get it right.”
But Ryan notes that the store did have a few teething problems at first. Ironically, these difficulties helped to pave the way for the business’s ongoing transformation. “The store struggled when it first opened because of the cost of the high-end items. That’s when I realised that to really boost turnover across the entire company, we needed vertical integration.”
Manufacturing locally also means the company is able to fulfil orders far more quickly, as customers do not have to wait for items to be imported.
“With the opening of our own factory and our control of the manufacturing process, we have brought down the cost of our sofas dramatically. We still provide exceptional quality. Our frames and raw materials are of the highest specs, and we buy only the best fabrics and leathers. But because we’ve brought everything in-house, we are able to offer the same quality at a far more affordable price. The strength of the rand has also worked in our favour as this has lowered the cost of the fabrics we do import.”
At the same time, Ryan saw the need to introduce more budget lines of furniture items. He says this will not impact the perception of the store as a high-end retailer. Although he considered launching a separate label for the more affordable range, he decided against it as he felt there was no need to dilute the brand.
“The exclusive, top-end lines are still at the core of the business, it’s just that we now offer a large range of more affordable items too. This has grown our customer base radically along with the marketing drive as people want to own a Bakos Brothers item. Whether you want a four-metre mahogany dining table or a less ostentatious item, we can provide both. It wasn’t necessary to introduce a second brand, because both price points appeal to the same market. The brand is aspirational. It’s this mix of products that has enabled the new Nelspruit store to flourish, and that’s the strategy we have adopted for the rollout of our other stores through 2011.”
Next, Ryan took another unprecedented step for Bakos Brothers and radically increased the advertising budget – by 400%. “I was determined that we would advertise aggressively in the glossy magazines and in newspapers. Because of the slump, most companies were slashing their advertising budgets so we managed to get massive discounts. We got so much bang for our buck, it was amazing. Alongside the budget increase, the ads changed too. They had been the same for many years, and it was time to simplify the concepts and introduce clean lines and fresh designs, all more in line with the demands of the contemporary consumer and with what is happening in the furniture market.”
Ryan believes this spurt in visibility while other retailers were playing it safe played a major role in Bakos Brothers’ subsequent successes. The company’s exposure in the media increased by around 2 000% and turnover skyrocketed. Growth has since been posted at 17% year-on-year. “A downturn can provide great opportunities if you keep an eye out for them,” he says. “This massive advertising drive has positioned us upfront to take advantage of the slow but steady upturn.”
A fresh look at tired systems
Critical to the growth of the business was Ryan’s move to revitalise business systems across the company. “We implemented a totally new, cutting edge information systems infrastructure. The need for this type of system is glaringly obvious in any big company, but in an old-school family business it can be overlooked because ‘things have always been done in a certain way’ and the founders are familiar with that. Initially, my uncles took some convincing. This type of change is expensive and it can be invasive, but we started to see the benefits fairly quickly.”
“I started at ground level, ensuring that things like stock levels were right, the stock balanced, lead times were brought down, and price lists were all accurate. That gave everybody a window into the company, a 100% accurate picture of what was available, what we could and couldn’t sell, and what processes to follow in each case – all of which had previously been unavailable or hard to find.”
To make sure the systems were as perfect as possible, he walked around with booklets and asked employees to comment on what was working and what was not. He also held one-on-one interviews with staff, asking them what were the ten things they hated about their job. That was a smart move as they are on the ground every day. Incorporating their suggestions into the operational side of the business has helped to significantly boost turnover in the past two years, Ryan says.
“We found out what the problems were and fixed them. I have always believed that the best way to glean information from people is to speak to them directly – that is my style of doing things. We overhauled departments that had been undermanaged and spent a fortune on bringing in new management. We also asked our people what they loved about their work and made sure those aspects of the business remained intact. This gave us real insight. With all that information, we were able to take the weakest components of the business and make them strong. When the business started picking up, demand grew and so did stress levels. That gave us the opportunity to push out the bad eggs.”
Family businesses often have poor human resources systems in place, and Bakos Brothers was no exception. When Ryan took over, the HR department was weak and had to be completely revamped. On the topic of recruitment, he is adamant that he will not consider employing people who job hop, and will only look at CVs of those who have been in their current employment for five to ten years. “One thing I have learnt over the years is that loyal, stable and conservative employees are the ones who will be with you for a long time.”
Ryan also brought in experts to monitor the company’s carbon footprint. The company emits 100 tons of carbon every month, most of it from electricity consumption. It now offsets that by planting hundreds of trees in Johannesburg’s poorer suburbs. A lighting conversion programme to reduce consumption is also underway.
“I believe it is every person’s responsibility to adopt low-carbon practices, and businesses are made of people. Raising public awareness and encouraging choices that support ethical companies will result in pressure being felt by other suppliers to follow suit,” he says.
A new approach to leadership
Ryan’s not a great reader, but he takes his inspiration from others. He continues to be mentored by his father and uncles, all of whom are able to provide him with the advice and cautionary words that come with years of experience in the business.
He admits that it’s challenging to retain the feel of a family business, yet still function at a corporate level. One of the advantages is that he’s introduced some team activities for his people, such as ten pin bowling, beach volleyball and inspirational talks. There has to be a balance however, he says, between having a good time at work and doing the work properly. “My message to the staff is simply, ‘Love your job and obey the rules’. I believe we have managed to retain a very positive energy in the business because of that.”
He believes in leading by example, which is not difficult for someone who has taken on just about every role in the business over the years. On a typical day, he gets to the factory at seven, checks on production and quality control, and also sees that the floors and the bathrooms are clean. From there he visits the warehouse, and then goes to his office to monitor the finances and payments. He’s putting in the hours, but he says that if you love what you do you never have to work.
“I’ve been in it for so long that I can do anything and everything. That is essential if you want to build a strong company. You have to know how things are done. My staff have photos of me working on the factory floor. It’s fun to build a couch.”
Going The Extra Mile With Neil Robinson Of Relate Bracelets
In business, your offering is only as good as your relationships. Neil Robinson from Relate Bracelets explains how FedEx Express has helped the business grow into Africa and beyond.
- Who? Neil Robinson
- Company: Relate Bracelets
- Position: Managing Director
- Visit: relate.org.za
Neil Robinson, MD of Relate Bracelets understands the importance of business relationships. While Relate is a non-profit organisation, it is run like a business. It does not rely on donors, but instead produces and sells a product.
For each bracelet sold, one third of the income goes towards the materials and operating costs, one third supports the people who produce the bracelets, and one third goes to the charity for which that particular bracelet is branded.
In order for the business model to work and be sustainable, Relate’s partners are incredibly important. These include the retail chains that stock the product and who provide prime point-of-sale positioning, the charities who Relate works with, and most importantly, Relate’s logistics service provider, FedEx Express.
“Retail is all about visibility and availability,” explains Neil. “A brand is a living, breathing thing. People can see it, use it, and comment on it, but if they can’t access it, it’s all for naught. And so, at the point of purchase, it’s both visible and available, or it’s not.
“Logistics is key. You need to get your product to the retailer on time, 100% of the time. The expertise and focus that FedEx displays in supply chain and logistics encompasses far more than just retail, they understand our specific needs, making them a strategic partner, rather than merely a supplier.”
Building a relationship
The FedEx/Relate Bracelets relationship stretches back to 2009, when Relate Bracelets launched its first campaign with ‘Unite Against Malaria’ leading up to the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
“We did the first campaign in partnership with Nando’s,” says Neil. “Robbie Brozin was passionate about the cause, and he pulled in strategic partners to launch the campaign. Within two years we’d shipped hundreds of thousands of bracelets. FedEx was an incredible partner, ensuring the integrity of our product and time-sensitive deliveries, and we’ve worked with them ever since.”
As with all good B2B relationships, the FedEx and Relate Bracelets teams understand that regular strategy sessions and updates are important.
“FedEx understands the inner workings of our business,” says Neil.
“A successful campaign has multiple elements, from planning and strategy, to marketing support, pricing and distribution planning. Of these, distribution planning is the most critical. For us, the bridge between our brand and the consumer is logistics. FedEx have delivered beyond expectations. They literally and figuratively go the extra mile for us.”
Protecting a brand
FedEx has customers across different industries and each of their needs are different. In the case of Relate, who operate in the retail sector, buying patterns are important. “Retailers run a tight ship,” explains Neil.
“They have planning cycles and seasons. Besides the fact that penalty clauses are built into contracts, you can’t miss a deadline by two days, or you’re in the next cycle, and that might be two weeks later. Not only are you missing out on valuable shelf time, but this can affect an entire campaign. Lost sales can also influence the retailers’ buying decision the following season. FedEx has made it their business to understand our business, so they know what’s at stake and what’s important to us.”
FedEx has also played an integral role in the overall expansion of Relate Bracelets, particularly into new markets. “As a global organisation, FedEx has been absolutely critical in supporting us to grow our business into Africa, the US, Australia, the UK, Western Europe, and now New Zealand. They play an enormous role in the delivery of our products, with sophisticated tracking systems ensuring that the quality and integrity of our products are maintained.”
Through the relationship with FedEx, Relate experiences the benefits of working with a globally recognised and credible brand. “When you work with quality, you get quality.”
If you’ve ever bought a beaded bracelet that supports a cause (for example: United Against Malaria, Operation Smile SA or PinkDrive), chances are it was a Relate Bracelet. If you bought it at Woolworths, Clicks, Sorbet or Foschini, it most definitely was.
To date, Relate Bracelets has raised more than R40 million, which supports various charities and ‘gogos’, women living on government grants and supporting their grandchildren, and who desperately need the additional income Relate Bracelets provides.
Slikour’s Moto: If You Dream It, You Can Be It
Rapper and entrepreneur Slikour believes his success is the result of one key element: The aspiration to make something of himself, and create a platform for his voice to be heard. Now he’s bringing that mindset to South Africa’s black urban youth.
- Player: Siya Metane AKA Slikour
- Company: Slikouronlife.co.za
- Launched: 2013
- Visit: www.slikouronlife.co.za
Before you can achieve great success, you have to believe in the possibility of success. This is the single greatest secret to changing your circumstances — you have to believe it’s possible.
Did music or entrepreneurship come first? Siya Metane, aka rapper Slikour, isn’t sure himself. The two have worked hand in hand for him since he started selling cassette tapes of his own music when he was 12 years old.
What has developed over time however, is an innate and deep understanding that with his success comes a responsibility to pay it forward, and help his community and kids like him see that they can be anything they put their minds to.
If they can dream it, they can be it — provided they realise they can dream it in the first place. This is his challenge, and greatest driving force.
Start small, but dream big
I bought cassette tapes on Smal Street in the CBD for R5. My best friend, Lebo and I recorded our own rap music onto them and sold them in our neighbourhood for R15. We needed the mark-up — it meant we could buy more tapes, and also that we were making a profit.
I’m not sure if we were trying to start a business or launch our rap careers, but if you’re living in a hood like Leondale you don’t always recognise that there are opportunities open to you. No one is going to do it for you — you have to have your own aspirations, and find a way to make them happen.
Keep dreaming big, no matter what
That was one of the biggest and earliest lessons I recall growing up: The ability to dream big can be stifled out of you. I lived in a hood where there were no aspirations past our neighbourhood — the neighbourhood and its opportunities were everything. If 90% of the people you know are suffering, who are you to not suffer?
It’s a very limiting mindset, and one that does a lot of damage to our youth. I knew kids who had incredible potential, but could only look at their immediate environments for opportunities. So a budding young scientist doesn’t find a way to change the world — he finds a new way to make drugs.
Those are the limiting aspirations I was surrounded by. I call it the Trap, and it’s the driving force behind everything I do today. I want South Africa’s urban youth to recognise the Trap, and understand that they should have aspirations beyond it, because they have the abilities and potential necessary to break free.
Work hard, be determined and believe in yourself
I was lucky, I wasn’t a victim of the Trap. What so many people don’t understand is that I could have been. Hard work, drive and discipline aren’t enough to break free of the Trap. You need to believe you can break free — to look beyond your current circumstances. In my experience, that seemingly simple mindset shift is the biggest hurdle to overcome. It’s more complicated and pervasive than you can imagine.
Two things showed me a different way. First, my mom got me bursaries at Holy Rosary Convent and then St Benedict’s College. I was surrounded by rich white kids, full of privilege, and it struck me that here were the same talents and opportunities, but with a wealth of aspiration in the mix.
That was the real difference — not ability, but recognising that ability and having the aspiration to do something with it. It was eye-opening. The second was meeting my best friend, Lebo Mothibe. Lebo, or Shugasmakx, as he’d later be known in the music world, had one foot in the privileged world, and one foot in our world.
His mom lived in the hood, his dad was a wealthy entrepreneur who lived in Illovo. And Lebo straddled both worlds effortlessly, and with humility. But he looked beyond the limiting beliefs held by many of his neighbourhood peers.
Find people to inspire you to reach success
His dad was also the first self-made, wealthy black man I met. But when I heard his story, I realised that it wasn’t overnight success. He’d slept on Lebo’s mom’s couch while he slowly but steadily built his business. It gave me an understanding that success is earned. You need to work at it, and push on against adversity. This had a huge impact on me.
Lebo was the ying to my yang. Even though we didn’t think of each other as business partners, that’s what we were, from the age of 12. We formed Skwatta Kamp, we hustled and shook up the music industry together, and changed the face of rap music in South Africa.
I was the dreamer, the visionary, and Lebo was the executor. He found a way to make my crazy schemes and ideas come to life. This is exactly what a partnership should be — helping each other grow, and complementing diverse skill sets.
Build your success, one step at a time
We built our success, brick by brick. I entered a TV show competition, Jam Alley, and won. I used the cash and Dions vouchers to buy recording equipment. Lebo’s dad helped with speakers and a keyboard. My brother, who was studying IT, downloaded software and helped us with our recording quality. Everyone pitched in with what they could.
Be your own biggest cheerleader
We tried the recording contract route for a while, but realised that the only people who cared about our success were us. And so we hit the streets — hard. We had street crews, we sold our own CDs and negotiated with music stores to carry our albums.
Recording studios kept saying they’d sign us, but they never had a studio available. They just didn’t see the value in rap and hip hop. They didn’t believe there was money in it in South Africa. We needed to prove there was.
Gallo finally approached us and signed us after we won at the South African Music Awards (SAMAs) as an independent act. We used real guerrilla tactics to get our name out there — on stage, with that platform, we told our fans that if a music store didn’t carry our album, to burn it down. We wanted the attention — that’s how you build a name.
Our first album went gold, and we used that to push the idea of rap into mainstream media. If 20 000 people bought the album, another 200 000 had bootlegged it. There was money here; and slowly brands and advertisers started realising we were right.
Drive a movement with your business
We were musicians, but first and foremost we were driving a movement, and that meant we needed to be businessmen as well. We hosted end of year parties, and got brands on board, realising we had a captive audience that aligned with their target market demographics. We started our own label, Buttabing Entertainment.
Our goal was to find and nurture young musicians from the hood to get them established in the industry, and show other kids in the Trap that it could be done: Anyone can create their own destiny. One of the things I’m proudest of is discovering a kid in Katlehong, Senzo Mfundo Vilakazi, who would develop into Kwesta.
He’s doing phenomenally well, and recently appeared on Sway in the Morning, one of the biggest hip hop shows in the US. Our success spilt over into Kwesta, and now his meteoric rise will hopefully inspire a whole new generation to dream bigger than they ever thought possible.
Pivoting to further growth
All success has its pinnacle. By 2010 we had achieved so much as Skwatta Kamp. We’d brought rap music into the mainstream and opened opportunities for countless kids, as music labels actively sought rap and hip hop acts. I realised that I’d hit a ceiling. I needed to step back, regroup and figure out what to do next.
What I did was something I’ve only ever associated with privilege. I moved home, spent a lot of time lying on the couch, and wrote. I wrote my life, my lessons, my dreams, my ideas. I don’t know how I reached a point where I was able to do that, but I’m grateful. I started collecting my thoughts and understanding my purpose.
During that time I was approached to join a few marketing agencies. I had no formal marketing training, but we’d worked with big brands at our parties and activations.
Sprite was the first to recognise that they had an opportunity to authentically connect with the black urban youth through us, and so we partnered up. I learnt above-the-line marketing in a Coca-Cola boardroom, and built onto what we’d learnt on the streets about below-the-line marketing.
Take a step back, and rediscover your purpose
That experience had drawn attention, and so for a while I joined an agency. But its mandate was sponsorships, and my heart was with the black urban youth. I’d discovered my purpose, even if I’d subconsciously been living that purpose for almost 20 years.
I wanted to create a platform that gives young black artists a voice; established artists a way to reach out to the youth that other platforms don’t offer; and brands a way to authentically connect with that audience — not just to sell products, but to show black urban youth that their culture is important, that it holds value, and that they, in turn, hold value.
Adidas’s support of Run DMC in the US showed that kids from the ghetto had a message worth listening to. Big brands have the power to connect the unheard and voiceless to the mainstream, if it’s done correctly. I had the marketing experience to understand the ROI that brands need, as well as what I could do with that to support black urban youth.
All I had were dreams and a URL, but that was enough. I quit my job and launched my website, Slikouronlife.
Reveal opportunities and create aspirations with your message
This is my politics and CSI. If we can get marketing to marry culture, and change the positioning and perception of young black South Africans, we can show there are opportunities out there, and create aspirations.
But we need to put culture first and tap into the authenticity of who we are as South Africans. We need to recognise and acknowledge the mental traps that exist in our neighbourhoods, and that we are victims of limiting beliefs, and then show that there is another way.
Everyone told me I was nuts. That black people don’t go online. I did it anyway. With Skwatta Kamp we had created a market for our music. Kids supported us; my name added value — and then brands came on board. We now average between 200 000 and 250 000 unique visitors a month, which is impressive for a mainstream website, let alone a niche music site.
Ten months ago we were a team of three operating from my house with one desk. Today we’re a team of ten with one focus: To make a real difference on the ground. To give the voiceless a voice. To prove that if we can drive the aspirations of South Africa’s urban youth, the sky will be the limit.
Edward Moshole Founder Of Chem-Fresh Started With R68 And Turned It Into A R25 Million Business
Edward Moshole started a business in 1999 with just R68 in his pocket. Today he has a company that not only has a turnover upwards of R25 million, but is also on the cusp of expanding to the next level. Here’s how he’s turning clients into partners.
- Player: Edward Moshole
- Company: Chem-Fresh
- Established: 1999
- Visit: www.chemfresh.co.za
In 1999, Edward Moshole was a cleaner with just R68 in his pocket, but he noticed a business opportunity.
Good quality detergents and disinfectants could make a tough cleaning job much easier, so he started buying quality products in bulk and selling them to his fellow cleaners. He wasn’t satisfied, though. He wanted a business that made and sold its own products. So, he tackled the long and arduous process of creating cleaners and detergents that could pass strict regulations and compete with the best products on the market.
It wasn’t easy, but he kept at it. In fact, he only got his first real breakthrough in 2006 when a supermarket agreed to start stocking his products. Today, his Chem-Fresh products can be found all over Africa, and he counts Pick n Pay as one of his main clients. How did Moshole manage to turn R68 into an empire?
Here are his rules for building a large and sustainable operation.
1. Find the right clients
“Very early on, I identified Pick n Pay as a must-have client. I could see that the company was changing its strategy — it was starting to move into townships and rural areas, places where it hadn’t been operating until then — and I thought it would be the perfect place to sell Chem-Fresh products,” says Moshole. But getting in wasn’t easy.
“As a small business, you don’t get to sit down with decision- makers. Becoming a supplier to a large retailer is a difficult process. It took me years to get a foot in the door, but I didn’t give up. I just knew that Pick n Pay was the right company to do business with, so I kept at it.
I refused to take no for an answer. Today, Pick n Pay operates more like a partner than a client.
Thanks to my partnership with Pick n Pay, I’ve been able to scale Chem-Fresh quickly and access a distribution channel that allows Chem-Fresh products to be sold all over the continent. Once you have the right clients, you gain instant clout and reliability.”
2. Own the manufacturing process
When starting out, entrepreneurs often have little choice but to buy other companies’ products and resell them. It’s not necessarily a bad thing — it can be a successful strategy. However, it can eventually limit your growth.
Firstly, buying and reselling products places a cap on your margins. When you own the manufacturing process, you can increase your margins, since making and selling products tends to offer wider margins than merely buying and reselling.
That said, you have to keep in mind that this is only true when you operate at a certain scale. Making and selling something in small quantities can often be more expensive and time consuming than simply buying it from a supplier. You need to crunch the numbers and make sure that the expense of a manufacturing facility is actually worth it in the long run.
Secondly, it allows you to keep control of the quality of your product. “The secret to any great brand is consistency,” says Moshole.
“People should know what they can expect from the brand, and one of the best ways to ensure this is to have total control of your product. If you make it yourself, you’re in charge of the quality.”
3. Be willing to diversify
Some companies can grow while sticking to a very specific niche, but most have no other option but to diversify. Although Chem-Fresh started out selling just one or two products, Moshole soon started to expand the range. The company now has more than 100 products.
“Generally speaking, you can only capture so much of a market. Sometimes it makes sense to actively try to grow your market share, but it’s also a good idea to diversify. Not only does this open more revenue streams, but it also protects the business against market changes. So, if the sales of one product slows down, another speeds up and everything evens out,” says Moshole.
But the important thing is not to stray too far from your comfort zone. Chem-Fresh now has a large product range, but it has stuck to an industry that it is knowledgeable about. The company has built a name for itself within a specific industry.
4. Build a strong foundation
“Don’t wait too long to start thinking about the long-term life of your business,” advises Moshole. “The stronger the foundation of the business, the easier it is to grow it, so you need to implement the right systems and processes early on. If you don’t, the business will fall apart without you.
“You will always be very involved at an operational level. You’ll be so busy with the daily grind, that you’ll never be able to take a strategic view and focus on building the company.
So, you need the right systems and the right people. You need to know that the business can keep going without you. If you do this, you will be able to grow the company while others deal with the operational demands.”
There’s no substitute for perseverance
It took Edward years to get his product onto Pick n Pay’s shelves, but he wouldn’t take no for an answer. Today, the relationship is more like a partnership.
Own the process
In the right quantities, producing and selling your own product can significantly increase your margins over selling someone else’s products.
Strategically increase revenue streams
Diversifying your product range within your niche allows you to offer the same clients a greater range, tap into new markets, and protect the business against market changes.
Take a long-term view when contemplating the growth of your company. It’s never too soon to prepare a business for growth. Implementing the right systems and processes right now can make it much easier to scale the operation down the line.
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