Build it up, buttercup
Bricks proven reliability passes the test of time in any climate. Its insulating capabilities and passive solar heat retention make brick equally suitable for hot summers and cold winters. Nature creates the basic material used in brick manufacture. The weather and chemical reactions break up rocks producing fine-grained earth called clay.
Clay is workable when wet and can be moulded to any shape. A brick is made by wetting clay, pressing it into a mould, which creates blocks. These blocks are fired in a kiln until they are hard.
The process of making bricks generally consists of the following steps:
- Gathering, crushing, grinding, screening, and mixing the raw materials producing the brick
- The setting, drying, firing
- Packaging and inventorying is the final processing in the manufacture of bricks.
Before you start manufacturing consider completing a business course. This will be invaluable as you will learn about financial management, sales, marketing, understanding a balance sheet and more.
1. Prepare a business plan
It is very important to have a comprehensive business plan which should include your strategic focus, a marketing plan, operations plan, staffing plan and a financial plan. A business plan helps to clarify objectives and spells out what you want to achieve in your business.
Related: Download a Business Plan Here
There are DIY Machines available in South Africa and there are easy to use brick-making machines at affordable prices, such as:
- A DIY Brick machine, making standard stock bricks from: R2 600
- Output per drop: 6
- Production per day: 3 000
3. Build for less using the Hydraform system
What makes Hydraform blocks different from a regular brick is that they are composed of soil and just 5-10% cement is needed in the mix, significantly reducing the cost per square metre. Because of the interlocking mechanism of the blocks, there is no mortar required in 75% of the structure.
Not only are the mortar costs for building decreased, but the use of unskilled labour is also maximised because the methods of building are simple and easily taught. In fact, only the plastering, painting, ceilings and foundation preparation need to be performed by a skilled person. Building with Hydraform blocks can be extremely fast.
Typically, a good Hydraform block layer with two block fetchers can place up to 500 blocks in a day. That would be the equivalent of 1 500 standard stock bricks in a day.
Hydraform head office offers local training in South Africa. They offer two kinds of training:
- Training in a nearby block yard
- Training on any current Hydraform development.
Hydraform delivers clients’ machines and offers basic machine operation training at a nominal fee. In addition, training manuals accompany each Hydraform machine and technical advice is freely available.
Related: 21 Steps To Start-Up
One of the advantages of Hydraform brick making machines is that they are portable. It means that the blocks can be produced anywhere, training can take place on the job and rural development is easier as the machine can be transported to remote areas.
Mobile building centres
Hydraform can also provide Mobile Building Centres that move from area to area, providing technical guidance and using communication aids to educate participating teams. Locals can be taught valuable skills such as block production, block-laying and building process, quality control and machine maintenance.
Regular brick manufacturing
- Hollow brick making machinery 6 inch hollow: R11 168
- Output per drop: 4
- Production per day: 2 000
Why is Hydraform cheaper to produce?
The substantial cost savings are due to the use of freely-available subsoil which is the main raw material; the blocks do not require costly burning; transport costs are minimised since block production takes place on site; unskilled labour can be trained in both block-making and building with Hydraform blocks. Environmental friendliness is a major feature of the Hydraform system; blocks are produced under high compression from subsoil, without the need for the fuel-wood used to burn bricks.
Contact Hydraform to receive an Information Pack.
Related: DTI Funding
How To Start A Farming Business
Keep these nine points in mind when launching your new farming business.
How Do I Start A Security Company In South Africa?
There are two kinds of security companies, one that sells products and one that sells services or you can combine both.
To start a security service company in South Africa you must register with the Private Security Regulatory Authority (SIRA). There are two kinds of security companies, one that sells products and one that sells services or you can combine both. It is estimated that the private security industry in South Africa employs over 400 000 individuals.
If you’re looking at starting a security guard company in South Africa, the following guide will be able to assist you in the deciding if it’s the right decision for you.
You need a lot of capital
Starting a security business requires a good deal of capital outlay and it’s highly recommended that one should have a background in this field.
Decide what kind of company you want to start
There are two kinds of security companies, one that sells products and one that sells services or you can combine both. Each sector falls under its own regulatory body.
What about area competition?
Greg Margolis is the CEO of NYPD Security, a niche security company that has operated for the last five years in the leafy northern suburbs of Johannesburg.
“To run your own security service company I think that you have to be well rounded in terms of not just being a good business person, but you also have to be a people person, a marketing person and know a good deal about the business.
“There’s tough competition, but I love what I do and wouldn’t sell my business even if I was offered triple what its worth. I am passionate about what I do”, says Margolis.
Starting a Security Services Business
To start a security service company in South Africa you must register with the Private Security Regulatory Authority (PSIRA). This includes paying a registration fee of R2 280 and writing an exam. Once you have passed the exam, proved that you do not have a criminal record, SIRA will conduct an inspection to establish whether or not your business meets the infrastructure requirements. A further fee of R1 710 is charged for the assessment. Each year the business is re-accessed which costs a further R500 plus the annual renewal fee or R520.
The following documentation is required for registration:
- An authenticated copy of the CM1, CM2, CM27, CM29, CM31 and CM 46 (apply at Registrar of Companies or Attorneys), if the applicant is a company;
- An authenticated copy of the Partnership Agreement if the applicant is a partnership;
- An authenticated copy of the trust deed and the letter of authorisation to the trustees from the Master of the High Court if the applicant is a business trust
- The Suretyship form (SIRA 4) to be signed by the natural person who has taken full responsibility of the security business
- Every director, member, partner (as the case may be) applying for registration as a security business must have successfully completed, at a training establishment accredited in terms of law, at least, the training courses Grade E to B
- An authenticated copy of the Tax Clearance Certificate from the South African Revenue Service (SARS)
- An authenticated copy of the VAT Registration Number from SARS.
- An authenticated copy of the PAYE number from SARS
- An authenticated copy of the COID number (Compensation for Occupational Injuries & Diseases) from the Department of Labour
- Sufficient information in writing to enable the Authority to ascertain that the applicant security business meets the requirements with regard to the infrastructure and capacity necessary to render a security service;
This include, inter alia, the following:
- Submit a business plan to the Authority including the location and activities
- A resolution by the applicant security business stating that it will be able to operate for the next year
- The applicant proves that it has an administrative office that is accessible to the inspectors of the SIRA
- The applicant must have equipment which is necessary for the management and administration of the security business, e.g. fixed telephone, fax machine, a hard copy or electronic filing system for the orderly keeping of all records and documentation
- Show that the affairs of the applicant security business are managed and controlled by appropriately experienced, trained and skilled persons
- The applicant security business has at its disposal a sufficient number of registered and appropriately trained and skilled security officers for the rendering of a security service for which it has contracted or is likely to contract
- The security officers must be properly controlled and supervised
- The applicant security officer has at its disposal sufficient and adequately skilled administrative staff members for the administration of the affairs of the applicant
- The business must have has all the necessary equipment, including vehicles, uniforms, clothing and equipment that must be issued to its security officers
- The applicant security business is in lawful possession of the firearms and other weapons that are necessary offer security services in respect of which it has contracted.
Related: Get going with a One Page Business Plan
The most important thing you can do to start and operate your own business is to develop a good business plan.
It’s invaluable because the business plan forces you to come to terms with your business. Selling the business concept seems to the problem, said Margolis. These are his five tips that will help to get the business going.
“The security industry in South Africa is very competitive. You have to get out there and you have to keep knocking on doors, there isn’t an easy solution”, explains Margolis.
1. Look at your business plan and decide if you have a competitive advantage. If not, work out how you can make the market understand the unique value your small business has to offer.
2. It is important to make yourself known. It isn’t difficult or expensive to increase awareness about the business. Attend ratepayer meetings, spend time at the local police stations, and attend meetings the police have with residents and businesses in the area. This way people get to know you and respect you and half the battle is won. Networking is the way to go.
3. It’s my experience that bigger companies are reluctant to give security contracts to a company that is a one-man show. Make sure that you have a structure in place. Clients need to know if something happens to you, the business will not fall apart, and the services they have paid for and you have agreed to supply, will not cease. Clients need to understand that besides experience, that you are credible and that all the checks and balances are in place. This must be one of the key selling points.
4. Consider taking on a partner. Choose a partner who has the attributes that you lack. The ideal partner would be one with strong links and contacts in the community that you want to work with. Let your partner control the selling side while you handle areas you’re strong in, such as expertise and service delivery. The other option is to employ sales staff.
5. Stay abreast of new trends in the field, and update your skills. This is something that I strongly believe in. You have to be well rounded in terms of not just being a good businessperson, but you also have to be a people person, a marketing and sales manager and know a good deal about the neighbourhoods you work.
Are you new to starting a business? Read 15 Things Every Newbie Needs to Know About Starting a Business
What are the requirements to start a security product supplier business?
If you are starting a security company that sells electronic alarm systems and other security products it’s wise to become a member of SAIDSA in order to provide your business with the credibility it needs to be taken seriously by the public and security service providers.
The objective of SAIDSA is to upgrade the quality and standards of electronic security and to protect the public from unscrupulous, “fly-by-night” operators. When a security system is purchased, an ongoing relationship is entered into between the purchaser and the security service company concerned.
The security service product supplier must have the infrastructure and the required expertise to support the relationship continuously.
Security Sector Regulatory Bodies
The security industry has established a number of bodies to regulate itself. Membership in these bodies is voluntary. They include:
- Security Association of South Africa (SASA), whose membership is open to companies offering any type of security service
- South African National Security Employers Association (SANSEA), an employers association for companies in the security industry.
- Electronic Security Distributors Association (ESDA), an association of importers and distributors of electronic security equipment
- South African Intruder Detection Services Association (SAIDSA), an association of companies providing alarm monitoring and armed response services
- Safety & Security Sector Education & Training Authority (SASSETA)
- Vehicle Security Association of South Africa (VESA)
Ready to get going? Here’s 10 Steps to Start Your Business For Free (Almost)
How Do I Start A Transport Or Logistics Business?
An all in one guide to starting a transport and logistics business.
Thinking about starting a transport business?
Forecasts indicate that the demand for freight transport will grow in South Africa by between 200% and 250% over the 15 to 20 years.
Some corridors, (high volume transport routes that connect major centres), such as the corridors between Gauteng and Cape Town (which amount to 50% of all corridor transport) will increase even faster.
The scope in the transport and logistics industry is varied – from a one-man show using a small truck to transport goods and offer services, to a fleet of transport vehicles which travel the length and breadth of South Africa’s roads.
Road transportation includes commuter transport from taxis to bus transportation.
It can be a tough industry and there are many threats facing transport businesses but if you get it right, you can build a successful business.
What is covered in this guide:
- How to start your transport and logistics business
- How to get funding for your transport business
- What are the costs involved
- Finding customers and getting transport contracts
- Getting onto suppliers lists
- Buying trucks and employing drivers
- What are the regulations and risks
- Where to find guidance to start your business.
Ready to get going? Click the arrow button to learn how to start your own transport business.
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