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Boosting Entrepreneurs

SAB foundation and Endeavor Excelerator help boost local entrepreneurs.





Johannesburg. 24 November 2011. The South African Breweries Limited (SAB) Foundation and Endeavor South Africa, an affiliate of the premier emerging market entrepreneurship support network, has boosted the growth aspirations of 5black owned businesses through grant capital.

The SAB Foundation’s Grant Capital Investment was created to provide support and financial assistance to high-impact, black-owned businesses in partnership with Endeavor. It is one of a number of programmes the SAB Foundation has established to address the challenge of economic growth, job creation and innovation through entrepreneurship.

This cycle’s winners are Cynthia Mkhombo of Masana Hygiene services; LemaoMotaung, owner of Medupe Electrical Supplies; Sakhumzi Maqubela, owner of Sakhumzi Restaurant, Musa Maphongwane and Amos Mtsolongo, co-owners of Katsy Gaming Zone, as well as Nkhensani Nkosi of Stoned Cherrie.

Grant funding

This is the second group of entrepreneurs who have been awarded grant funding through the SAB Foundation and Endeavor partnership. Earlier in the year, 6 businesses were granted capital at the launch of the partnership in June.

The winners were announced during an awards ceremony in Johannesburg last night, each walking away with SAB Foundation Grant Capital Investment of up to R250 000 to assist with the expansion of their business.

The long-term vision underpinning the SAB Foundation’s programmes is therefore to ignite a culture of entrepreneurship in South Africa and focuses specifically on benefiting South Africa’s most vulnerable i.e. youth, women, people living in rural areas and people living with disabilities.

The local landscape

Research conducted by the SAB Foundation into entrepreneurship highlighted three critical points:

  • SA lacks a critical mass of SMEs,
  • SA has only a few high-profile entrepreneurial role models; and
  • The country’s culture of innovation is largely untapped and un-commercialised.

“To address these challenges, the SAB Foundation aims to contribute to the development of entrepreneurship by supporting the growth of a critical mass of SMEs; developing entrepreneurial role models; and stimulating and rewarding innovation,” says Dr Vincent Maphai, SAB executive director, Corporate Affairs and Transformation.

Winner profiles

Name: Cynthia Mkhombo

Business: Masana

In 2004, Cynthia registered a contract cleaning company, set-up an office in Centurion and began submitting well-formulated proposals to corporations and government departments. A six-month contract with the Department of Land Affairs allowed her to employ the company’s first seven cleaners, four of which are still employed by Masana and have been promoted to supervisors. South African magazine, CEO, named Cynthia one of the most influential women in business and professional services and the Businesswomen’s Association selected her as a winner in its Entrepreneur category. She currently employs over 1 200 cleaners and has major clients including, the Gautrain, Woolworths stores and Growthpoint.

Name: Lemao Motaung

Business: Medupe Electrical Supplies (MES)

In 1999, Lemao launched MES, an electrical cable accessories distribution company, which also provides training for end users in the utilities industry. Beyond offering her clients competitive prices, Lemao has demonstrated superior value in two critical areas – her intricate knowledge of the electrical and cable supply industry and her strong focus on training. The utilities market in South Africa is undergoing significant expansion and change, which offers MES the opportunity to grow substantially in the coming years.

Name: Sakhumzi Maqubela

Business: Sakhumzi’s

Sakhumzi’s, founded in 2001, is a restaurant located on the historical Vilakazi street, Soweto. It provides tourists and locals with an authentic, local township experience that includes food, history and a warm environment.. He has maintained an ‘on-the-ground’ presence in the business to ensure the daily operations of the restaurant run efficiently and has been able to garner the loyalty of both local Sowetans and outsiders alike. Sakhumzi’s vision is to be the choice destination of all visitors to Soweto.

Name: Musa Maphongwane and Amos Mtsolongo

Business: Katsy Gaming Zone

Katsy Gaming Zone aims to make the video gaming industry more accessible and affordable to children living in South Africa’s townships. The business is a container-based digital gaming franchise outlet that provides safe, educational entertainment through the latest gaming technology (PlayStation and Xbox) to children for as little as R1. The business also provides services such as internet access, game rentals, CD scratch removal and computer/console repairs. Musa has more than 10 years of experience in the computer industry and Amos is a qualified electrical engineer and project manager.

Name: Nkhensani Nkosi

Business: Stoned Cherrie

Stoned Cherrie is a brand of freedom, embodying the afro-urban culture of the “new South Africa.” Stoned Cherrie is recognized as a sophisticated, sexy, street-wise label that, while reminiscent of tribal Africa, is utterly relevant in style to fashion-lovers around the globe. Founded in 2000 by Nkhensani Nkosi, the brand promotes a lifestyle of freedom, originality, and authenticity and will manifest this vision in lifestyle products from apparel to shoes to home décor to bath & body and beyond. It’s Major Milestones for the company include creating ranges for Foschini and Woolworths, as well as showing at New York Fashion Week.

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Entrepreneur Today

3 Stealthy Tax Hikes Payroll Managers And Employees Need To Take Note Of

By Rob Cooper, tax expert at Sage, and chairman of the Payroll Authors Group of South Africa





“Dammed if you do and dammed if you don’t.” 

The adage summarises the difficult decisions government and the Finance Minister faced when balancing the country’s books, rescuing state-owned enterprises, and reviving the growth of our economy. Given the economic pressure that most taxpayers are facing, government ideally needed to achieve all of that without direct increases to personal income tax in the most recent Budget Speech.

Personal income tax has comprised at least a third of South Africa’s total tax revenue in recent tax years, despite growing unemployment. The 2019 Budget, presented in February, forecasts that personal income tax will account for nearly 39% of tax collected during the upcoming (2019/20) tax year. Given that we are in an election year and that the tax base is fragile, it’s not surprising that the Finance Minister and the National Treasury avoided direct increases to the statutory tax tables used to calculate PAYE for employees in the budget.

Nonetheless, government has made inflation work in its favour to impose some tax increases by stealth. Here are three ways government is raising more revenue without direct tax increases:

1. Bracket creep

The statutory tax tables used by payrolls and employers have not been changed for 2019/20, nor have the brackets been adjusted for inflation. This effectively amounts to an indirect tax increase that will yield a revenue saving of approximately R12.8 billion for government’s coffers.

It is not unusual for government to use ‘bracket creep’ to effectively raise more revenue. But unlike previous tax years, even low- and middle-income earners are not getting much relief. Rebates and the tax threshold are being increased by small amounts to allow some relief, but many people this year will feel the pain as inflationary salary increases push them into a higher tax bracket.

2. Medical aid credit not adjusted for inflation 

As proposed in the 2018 Budget, the Finance Minister did not apply an inflationary increase to the Medical Tax Credit, which allowed him to raise an extra R1 billion in revenue for the year. Surprisingly, these funds will be allocated to general tax revenue rather than ring-fenced for healthcare. In previous tax years, revenue generated from below-inflation increases on medical scheme credits was used to fund National Health Insurance (NHI) pilot projects.

There is still no clarity on how the NHI is going to be funded except for a general statement that the funding model is a problem for the National Treasury to solve, and that the principles of cross-subsidisation will apply. One wonders if any real progress will be made soon, given the fiscal constraints government faces.

3. Business travel deduction left untouched

The Budget leaves the per-kilometre cost rates used to determine tax deductions for business travel untouched. By not increasing travel rates to account for inflation, government effectively increases income tax collection at the cost of the taxpayer. This will be a blow for people who need to claim from their employers for business travel in their personal vehicles. This change has slipped through largely unnoticed and the budget does not provide numbers for the expected increase in tax revenue.

Closing words

Amid political turmoil and uncertainty, the Finance Minister presented a balanced budget for 2019/20 that offers hope for the future along with some tough love. With government taking steps to accelerate economic growth and improve revenue collection, we should hopefully see a steady improvement in government finances, which will translate into less pressure on the taxpayer in future years.

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Entrepreneur Today

SMEs: Staying On The Right Side Of The Taxman

Remaining SARS compliant can be a constant challenge for small- to medium-enterprises (SMEs), especially when they are trying to focus on growing their businesses and streamlining their operations.





EasyBiz Managing Director, Gary Epstein, says submitting taxes can be a seamless process that does not have to take up more time than is necessary. “If business owners understand what is required of them and they put a few processes into place to deal with their tax submissions properly, their lives will be so much easier.”

What are the top three considerations for SMEs when submitting tax returns?

“Firstly,” says Epstein, “SARS returns must be accurate and submitted in terms of the relevant Act. Secondly, returns should be submitted and paid on time to avoid unnecessary penalties and interest, and thirdly, business owners must follow up on queries issued by SARS. “Do not ignore these queries, act on them as soon as possible”.

What are the major SARS submission deadlines for SMEs?

Epstein points out that small business owners need to adhere to various tax deadlines, each with their own particular dates for submission. “It is important that business owners diarise the dates (and set advance reminders for themselves) and/or enlist the services of an accountant or financial adviser to help them keep abreast of requirements.”

Value-added tax (VAT)

VAT payments need to be submitted in the VAT period allocated to the business, according to various categories and ending on the last day of a calendar month. This may mean making payments once a month, once every two months, once every six months or annually, depending on the category.

Provisional taxes

Provisional tax should be submitted at the end of August (first provisional) and at the end of February (second provisional) – for February year-end companies.

Employee taxes

In addition to submitting an annual reconciliation (EMP501) for the period 1 March to end of February for Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE), Skills Development Levy (SDL) and Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF), employee tax, in the form of an EMP201 return, needs to be submitted by the seventh of every month.

When can SMEs get extensions and is it worth it?

Epstein says SMEs can apply for various extensions, but these are subject to the Income Tax Act and Tax Administration Act.

“It is best for SMEs to consult their tax professionals to get advice regarding extensions for their businesses.”

What is SARS not flexible about?

SARS is not flexible when it comes to late returns and late payments.

“I cannot stress enough how important it is for SME owners to ensure their tax returns are submitted on time. In this way, they will avoid the inconvenience and expense of additional fines and interest,” notes Epstein.

What skills do SMEs need in their organisations to be able to submit to SARS efficiently?

Business owners often don’t have the time or expertise to deal with tax submissions throughout the year. If the business cannot afford to employ a full-time accountant or financial services expert, it would do well to outsource its tax requirements to a registered tax practitioner.

“I would recommend that even if they are not submitting the tax returns themselves, business owners should have a broad understanding of the tax regulations and what is expected of them. There is a lot of helpful information on the various Acts and tax requirements on SARS’ website,” says Epstein.

How does the right software help SMEs remain SARS compliant?

SME’s (and their accountants’) jobs can be made easier by using reliable accounting software to calculate accurate VAT reports. These reports are only as accurate as the data entered into them, which means care needs to be taken when inputting data into the accounting programme. Epstein says a good accounting software package must be reliable, easy to use and functional.

“SMEs need to check that the software has thorough reporting capabilities and can interface with other software solutions. Of course, it is also important to find out whether the software is locally supported by the vendor or not.”

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Entrepreneur Today

4 Dangers Of Business Under-insurance

A common short-term insurance peril that many SMEs face when submitting a claim following an insured event is the risk of being underinsured.





Malesela Maupa, Head of Products and Insurer Relationships at FNB Insurance Brokers says, many small business owners mistakenly believe that by merely having a short-term insurance policy in place they are adequately protected against unforeseen events.

“This is technically correct provided that the business is covered for the full replacement value of the items insured. However, in circumstances where the sum insured does not cover the full replacement value or material loss of the item insured, the business is underinsured,” explains Maupa, as he unpacks the dangers of business underinsurance:

1. Financial loss

The most common risk is financial loss on the part of the business. If the business is underinsured or the indemnity period understated, the short-term insurance policy will only pay out the sum insured for the stated indemnity period as stated in the schedule, with the business owner having to provide for the shortfall. This often leads to cash flow challenges, impacting profit margins or rendering it difficult for the business to recover following the financial loss.

2. Reputational damage

Should an underinsured business not have sufficient funds to replace a key business activity or critical component following a loss, this may impact its ability to fulfil its contractual obligations, leading to a loss of business or market share, and irreparable reputational damage in the worst-case scenario.

3. Legal action

A small business also faces the risk of customers or clients taking legal action against it, should it fail to deliver on goods and services following a loss or be unable to honour its financial commitments that they committed to prior to the loss.

4. Survival of the business

A catastrophic event such as fire, which could result in the loss of stock or company equipment and documentation, could threaten the survival of a small business that is not yet fully established, if the business assets are not adequately insured.

Working with an experienced short-term insurance broker or insurer is essential when taking up short-term insurance to ensure that business contents are covered for their full replacement value.

Furthermore, depending on the nature of the business or item insured, the policy should be reviewed on a regular basis to avoid underinsurance as the value of items often change overtime due to fluctuations in economic activity. Where it’s necessary, evaluation certificates need to be kept up to date.

“Lastly, SMEs should ensure that the sum insured does not exceed the replacement value, which would lead to over insurance. Should a business submit a claim following a loss, the insurer would only pay out the replacement value, regardless of the higher sum insured,” concludes Maupa.

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