South African companies have reported a significant increase in tax fraud and market fraud and to a lesser extent, insider trading as well, according to a new report issued by Professional Services Firm PwC today. Louis Strydom, head of PwC’s Forensic Services Practice, says that this increase is also reflected in a shift in the South African perpetrator profile towards senior management. In 2011, 36% of internal economic crimes were carried out by senior management, compared to only 17% in 2009. “These economic crimes require access to sensitive information and more sophisticated ‘know-how’ which senior management usually possess”.
“These crimes have previously not been as prevalent in South Africa and the increase could suggest that organisations need to revisit their fraud risk management frameworks to ensure that they are able to deal with the emerging threats.”
Latest crime survey results
The Global Economic Crime Survey, which is carried out every two years, was conducted among 3 877 senior representatives from more than 70 countries. In South Africa 123 organisations across 19 industries took part in the survey. The study shows that economic crime remains a challenge for business leaders worldwide, particularly in South Africa where 60 % indicated that they had experienced some form of economic crime in the 12 months preceding the survey, compared to the global average of 34%. On the positive side, the survey found that this overall prevalence of economic crime in South Africa has decreased from 83% in 2005.
The decrease in the overall incidence of economic crime is as a result of corresponding decreases in the misappropriation of assets, bribery and corruption and financial statement fraud. These three crimes have decreased steadily over the past six years. There can be a number of reasons for this. One of them may be that internal fraud risk management frameworks are making progress in South Africa and are getting better at detecting and preventing economic crime.
Further, given the focus of cybercrime in this year’s survey, some organisations may have classified other economic crimes involving the use of computers and the internet as cybercrimes instead.
Detection is key
Strydom says that detection is a key element in managing the risk of economic crime. The survey found that detection methods under management’s control were responsible for 69% of detections in South Africa, compared to 72% globally. This is encouraging as it vindicates the investment in anti –fraud controls. However, 14% of detections occurred by accident which means there is room for improvement locally.
The most effective detection methods were formal risk management procedures (including fraud risk assessments), automated suspicious transaction reporting (both contributed 16% of the detections) and internal audit (11%). The various tip-off methods (internal tip-off, external tip-off and formal whistle-blowing mechanisms), together contributed 20% of detections.
Given the effectiveness of formal fraud risk management structures, it is surprising that 28% of organisations had not performed a fraud risk assessment at all and 14% indicated that they were unsure whether any fraud risk assessment had been performed. The most common reason given by companies for not carrying out a fraud risk assessment was uncertainty about what such a risk assessment involves.
High levels of fraud
The countries that reported high levels of fraud (40% or more) include Kenya, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand, suggesting that fraud is not only endemic in developing countries. Jurisdictions that reported low levels of fraud (25% or less) include Japan, Indonesia, Italy and Greece. However, these results can be affected or distorted by ineffective fraud detection methods or the reluctance of organisations in those countries to report fraud.
For the first time since PwC carried out the survey, economic crime in South Africa is being committed equally by internal and external perpetrators. Globally, the majority of crimes are still being committed by internal parties.
Overall South African organisations resorted to criminal and civil action more often than their global counterparts. However, with regard to the most serious economic crime committed by insiders, South African companies took no action in 6% of cases, opted for employee transfers in 3% or warnings in 14% of cases. Strydom says this is worrying as it suggests that these perpetrators still remain within the organisation and may be able to commit further transgressions. It is important for organisations to demonstrate zero tolerance for economic crime and set the right tone.
Cybercrime has emerged as a significant contributor to economic crime losses in South Africa and is considered the fourth most common economic crime after the misappropriation of assets, bribery and corruption, and financial statement fraud. South African respondents indicated that reputational damage and direct financial loss were their two main concerns with regard to cybercrime.
Based on the PwC study, 60% of organisations felt that the risk of cybercrime had increased in the past 12 months, compared to only 39% globally. Strydom noted, “46% of South African respondents see the threat of cybercrime as exclusively external. Cybercrime usually requires access to protected information. Employees, agents, contractors, customers and other individuals that have access to an organisation’s premises and systems are likely to have access to such information.” It is therefore important that organisations recognise cybercrime as an internal threat as well.
Based on the survey’s findings, South African companies and their global counterparts still have some way to go in dealing with cybercrime.
For instance, the findings also show that few organisations have all the elements of a holistic cybercrime prevention and response mechanism in place. Strydom says that one would expect the overall responsibility of addressing the risk of cybercrime, to lie with senior management. However, the survey shows that in 10% of South African organisations the respondents were unsure who should be tasked with this responsibility. A further 37% thought the chief information officer should be responsible.
This is an interesting observation, as the King 3 Report on Corporate Governance recommends that the board deal with IT, which includes IT security.
Despite the declining overall prevalence of economic crime in South Africa, the risk remains pervasive and South African organisations will need to remain vigilant, especially in these depressed economic conditions. Advances in technology are fast-paced, as are fraudsters. Those organisations ready to understand and embrace the risks and opportunities of the cyber world, will be the ones to gain competitive advantage in today’s technology driven environment. Establishing the right ‘tone at the top’ is key in the fight against economic crime.
For more information on the Global Economic Crime Survey, please visit: www.pwc.co.za/crimesurvey
A Conversation With Yourself Could Change Your Life
Thami Buti is a 24-year-old South African actor. He is amongst the 46% of South Africans between 20 and 50 years, who have no savings at all. He’s probably one of 90% of people who will retire with less than 50% of their income.
Except none of this is true for Thami, because he’s had a conversation with himself – at six different ages – in Sanlam’s new educational campaign.
In Sanlam’s Conversations with Yourself campaign, Thami gets transformed into a 20, 30, 50, 65 and 80-year-old (actor Hlumelo Mzimkulu plays the 10-year-old) called YOU. And over a series of conversations, these characters in their different age brackets sit and share wisdom on life’s ‘what ifs.’ Disrupting the traditional approach to ‘finance talk’, the central idea is this: what if you could learn everything you need to know about life, from yourself? What if 65 year-old you could tell you – at age 20 – to stop buying so many cappuccinos and to invest more into an RA? And 30-year-old you could ask you at 80 how many kids you have – and how you afford to give them the lifestyle and opportunities you want for them?
Sonja Sanders, Head of Marketing and Client Experience at Sanlam Personal Finance, says each of the seven Conversations with Yourself films uses humour and insight to broach a different topic – and presents the accompanying product solve. “For example, the Conversation on Life and Retirement tackles retirement in a completely new way. Planning for retirement is often not a priority when you’re young. But what if you knew only 6% of South Africans are able to cover their monthly expenses once they retire? And what if you could ask your 65-year-old self whether you are one of the 6%? Would 20-year-old you still take that year off? Would you at age 30 still buy that flashy car?”
Using banter to bring home the fact that today’s decisions will define life when you’re older, the script takes a notoriously low-interest topic and makes it relatable.
The same goes for the highly sensitive topic of death, which no one wants to talk about — undoubtedly a problem in a country with an average age of death that stands at 64 years, and where 40% of the workforce is more likely to have cell phone insurance than life insurance.
Sanders says, “Conversations with Yourself takes an idea we’ve all had to the next level: The wish to fast-track into the future to see if our lives worked out the way we expected. Ultimately, you are your own partner in life. Everything you do now either benefits your future or jeopardises it. It’s often too daunting to imagine one’s future-self. But Conversations with Yourself connects the future to the present, and makes the experience real and impactful.”
Related: How To Start Saving Money Today
South Africa’s problematic savings culture has been well documented. In the retirement space, Sanlam’s Benchmark research has identified millennials as the generation most at risk of having insufficient savings, mainly due to their DIY approach to money matters, their mistrust of financial service institutions and the fact that they don’t identify with retirement as a goal. It’s a generation known for overconfidence despite their poor financial literacy. Millennials prefer self-directed advice – so what better way to deliver it than through a ‘conversation with yourself’?
“As WealthsmithsTM, Sanlam wants to empower people with the knowledge and tools to enable them to make positive financial decisions today. This should set them up for success both now and into the future. Conversations with Yourself helps people to appreciate that the planning they do today has significant implications for their future self. Ultimately, the campaign uses progressive storytelling to share a story to which any generation can relate. The story of you,” concludes Sanders.
Visit Conversationswithyourself to watch the films and start your own conversation.
10X-e Partners With Alphacode To Accelerate Five Top Companies In South Africa
South African Scale Up specialists, 10X-e, will partner with SA’s premier fintech incubator subsidiary of RMI, Alphacode to support SA’s top Fintech’s on their path to scale.
This collaboration will initially see five of SA’s highest-profile fintech companies investing two years scaling up using 10X-e’s much lauded 10X program. 10X-e’s founder, Jason Goldberg, says that this accelerator program helps scale-up teams learn and apply the 12 disciplines for rapid and sustainable growth.
“We are delighted to be working with AlphaCode – SA’s premier fintech support brand – to help some of SA’s top Fintech entrepreneurs scale-up” says Jason.
The first five elite fintech businesses selected to join the program are Entersekt, Livestock Wealth, Click2Sure, Invoice Worx and Isazi Consulting.
“Globally leading mobile authentication and security specialists, Entersekt are set to be South Africa’s next ‘unicorn’ while Livestock Wealth is changing the investment landscape by offering the ability to own and manage your livestock via an app from Sandton (or anywhere), outsourcing all the dirty work to their specialist operators. Click2Sure was founded by Dan Guasco – the original founder of what became Groupon SA, and Isazi Consulting (who started already in late 2017)is led by one of SA’s leading teams of data scientists and artificial intelligence experts” Jason continues.
“Another accolade for this cohort is that three of the five businesses are majority black-owned tech ventures, and most certainly earned their place on the program on pure merit terms. We’re really proud to be supporting these globally competitive entrepreneurs.”
Jason notes that, even for elite entrepreneurs and ventures like these, specialist scale-up accelerators like the 10X Program can be the difference between scaling and failing.
“There’s no doubt that accelerators specialising in how to scale a business are invaluable for most entrepreneurs at this delicate stage in a business journey. Growth often kills when businesses cross a threshold of complexity not experienced before. Most great entrepreneurs are scaling a company for the first time. Fortunately, there is a defined ‘physics’ of rapid growth; rightly applying the 12 Disciplines of 10X Entrepreneurs – the heart of the 10X Program – you can dramatically increase the rate and sustainability of growth,” he says.
“We are dealing with the ‘crème de la crème’ of South Africa’s entrepreneurs dealing with the most extreme growing pains, so the need for guidance from seasoned Scale Up leaders who’ve ‘been there’ is key to both the success of the business and to its contribution to our economy. We look forward to helping these Founders navigate the Bermuda Triangle of growth successfully” Jason concludes.
The partnership with Alphacode will see game-changing support provided to these businesses worth around R1million over a period of 2 years as they are hand-held by industry experts on the treacherous path to scale.
Scaling – the Bermuda triangle of growth – is hard, and fraught with failure. Very few of even the top 1% of ventures succeed at scaling, mostly due to poor execution, due to lack of experience scaling businesses. The 10X Program brings the ‘Science of Scale’ and seasoned Scale Up Leaders to help founders navigate the Bermuda Triangle of growth
Our team has helped some of the Continent’s most exciting high growth businesses scale up through the most treacherous parts of the journey. We tailor make multiple workshops to the specific needs of you, your team, and your business. Our workshops serve to address the most pressing challenges that your business faces, helping remove the hurdles towards 10X growth.
For more information on the 10X Accelerator Program, visit: www.10x-e.com
Chairman Of Futureproof, S’onqoba Maseko On Instilling New Ways To Accelerate Our Youths
In the near future, traditional employment opportunities will no longer exist. SA needs to prepare our children for the fourth industrial revolution, now.
Futureproof is proud to introduce the chairman of our board, S’onqoba Maseko. S’onqoba received her Honours Degree from Wits University and is just three exams away from being a fully-qualified Actuary. The 31-year-old S’onqoba, originally from the banking industry, has previously filled several key roles at The First Rand Group, including; executive assistant to the Group CEO, Sizwe Nxasana and the head of the FNB Innovators Programme.
She is the founding COO of the Sifiso Education Group – a disruptor in the education space which also is the owner of Future Nation Schools. S’onqoba is also the Managing Director of an advisory and implementation consultancy for SMME’s called Perpetu8.
Naturally, combining her skills and experience with a passion for education and entrepreneurship has made her the perfect fit for Futureproof! S’onqoba believes that education is crucial. “It’s a game changer for the nation, the continent and the globe. It requires us to prepare children for an uncertain future in the best way we know how,”
“In a country such as ours, Futureproof instils the entrepreneurial qualities needed to not only run a business but to navigate through life,” S’onqoba continues.
The current education system does not cater to the needs of our local and global economy. In the time of innovation, our teachers are not equipped to deal with this change and soon enough, traditional employment opportunities will no longer exist. Speaking to this topic, S’onqoba says: “It’s not about only content – you can Google anything. It’s about skills such as critical and analytical thinking, creativity, communication, collaboration and technology”.
With the lack of skills available to prepare our country for the fourth industrial revolution, S’onqoba says that we need to find ways to unearth existing skills and to impart new skills that are more aligned to what industry and the country needs. “We need to reframe our thinking: we need entrepreneurs, technical specialists, technology whizz kids. We need creatives, thinkers and solution-orientated problem solvers”.
“We need to make school content and theory relevant to the current and future world. We need a curriculum, approach and a pool of skills that align to the world and the future predicted. Grade 1 learners this year will finish school in 2030. Are we teaching them what they will need to succeed?”
She believes that the high unemployment rate of our youth is largely due to a lack of skills. “We have so many job vacancies yet so much unemployment. We still have companies wich only recruit based on formal qualifications and see this as the only way to have the required skills. This is outdated, and the world is moving beyond it”.
With South Africa now in technical recession, S’onqoba stresses the need for the country to pull up its boot straps and get on with the hard work that needs to be done. “Our entrepreneurial ecosystem is not working as well as it should. It’s broken. We’re spending billions as a country whilst seeing very little impact and return of that investment”.
Caring for the needs of all stakeholders, S’onqoba believes that one of the reasons for Futureproof’s success and phenomenal growth is because the business simply ‘gets on with it’. “No excuses, no time wasting” she explains.
As a flourishing entrepreneur in a tough economy, S’onqoba shares some of her key learnings and says that an entrepreneur cannot survive without grit, curiosity and EQ: “Set up a business for scale from day one – think of your end state and build your business with that in mind. Recruit people who ‘get it’ and then develop them to be the best version of themselves so that they can add great value to your business,”
“Fill your board with passionate, skilled specialists who don’t only look to monetary income but are driven by passion, community and purpose. Manage your time like its money; in fact, it’s more precious”.
We need to build sustainable businesses that employ more people and grow in revenue and turnover. “We need businesses that embrace the future and technology to solve the problems we face in an efficient and customer centered way without legacy and an inability to innovate standing in the way.” she concludes.
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