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Delivering Beyond Expectations In A Male-Dominated Environment

Mpho Mpatane, a top five finalist in The Workspace/MiWay entrepreneur competition on the particular challenges of her business journey being a woman working in the construction and mining sectors.

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Mpho Mpatane is a top five finalist in The Workspace/MiWay Entrepreneur Competition. Her journey has encompassed taking on an aspect of a traditionally male-dominated industry, and offering tailor-made personal clothing and equipment solutions, while also looking to the future and her vision of developing wearable technology through her clothing manufacturing for the mining and construction industries.

Mpatane’s company, Minatlou Trading 251, is a supplier of general and women-specific protective personal equipment/clothing.

“When I approached the first mining house to introduce my business, the initial concern was if I would be able to deliver on their specifications, and if I would be willing to work in partnership with male counterparts,” Mpatane recalls.

“I was tasked with creating samples for them and not only did I deliver, but I delivered beyond what was expected of me when I also brought with me women specific/tailored boiler suits including pregnancy-appropriate one. So I have had to overcome doubt, being undermined and a lack of belief in my business,” she says.

Mpatane bought Minatlou as a shelf company from CIPC. Her reason was she wanted to play in the construction industry. But she had a reality check: “I had to bow down to the fact that it is not easy for a new woman-owned construction business to find work in the mainstream and improve the company’s CIDB rating and also graduate to being accredited by the NHBRC,” she says.

Related: 13 Female Entrepreneurs Rising To The Top In SA

Most of the jobs she could tackle were in building maintenance, which was not what Mpatane had set out to do. So she decided to do more research. “I realised that no one is allowed on a construction site without proper safety equipment. The one factor that stood out for me, though, was the fact that the few women that were on these construction sites were wearing general protective clothing, which were ill fitting for them because they would be given general personal protection equipment (PPE), originally created for men.”

Mpatane discovered some could not button up their tops because of their size of their chests, for example. “If they were pregnant, their pants would not accommodate the baby bump, so some pants would not cover their ankles because of their hips; my list started growing from there,” she explains.

And there was another, aesthetic reason she thought women working in construction or mining should enjoy clothes made specifically for them. “Since I am a woman who likes colour, what also stood out for me again was the fact that their PPE looked exactly like their male’s counterparts. Later on I saw a few pink colours coming in, but the safety features did not change with the colours. That prompted me to start doing research into the industry.”

This led her to mining, where Mpatane’s research propelled her into finding solutions to the challenges many miners face on a daily basis when at work. “The recent deaths experienced in the mining sector recently fueled my vision of developing wearable technology through our clothing for the mining industry, and other sectors such as security, going forward and keeping up with the fourth industrial revolution,” she says. “#watchthespaceSA.”

Minatlou Trading 251 recently started manufacturing corporate uniforms based on requests from new clients. “This has been a good addition to our offering. We listened and heard what our clients wanted from us, and we are starting to deliver on our promises to them,” says Mpatane.

Her greatest challenge so far has been access to markets. “Until recently, it has been a challenge to become a supplier to big corporates especially global companies. Recently we started getting out there by entering competitions and steadily informing people about our offering. This has given us access to start doing business with companies we would have still being struggling to on-board and become part of their suppliers,” Mpatane explains.

Related: Watch List: 50 Black African Women Entrepreneurs To Watch

And, of course, access to capital has been an issue. “We are an SME, only taking up the growth journey now and we do not have collateral to co-invest our vision. All that we can do is to deliver and deliver the best quality to prove our offering is relevant and that we are market ready and investable.”

Mpatane won’t be diverted from her dream and is determined to challenge the doubters. She says as a previously financially disadvantaged African female, corporates often question whether she is really capable of building a credible and competitive business in this men dominated industry.

“Can I really deliver on my business offering, on time, in good quality and can I really compete with my peers, albeit at a smaller scale at the moment? This latter fact makes me look forward to growing the company steadily and consistently to a point that everyone knows who we are and we do not have to sell our selves anymore.”

The finals of The Workspace/MiWay Entrepreneur Competition take place on 13 September 2018.

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Entrepreneur Today

3 Stealthy Tax Hikes Payroll Managers And Employees Need To Take Note Of

By Rob Cooper, tax expert at Sage, and chairman of the Payroll Authors Group of South Africa

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“Dammed if you do and dammed if you don’t.” 

The adage summarises the difficult decisions government and the Finance Minister faced when balancing the country’s books, rescuing state-owned enterprises, and reviving the growth of our economy. Given the economic pressure that most taxpayers are facing, government ideally needed to achieve all of that without direct increases to personal income tax in the most recent Budget Speech.

Personal income tax has comprised at least a third of South Africa’s total tax revenue in recent tax years, despite growing unemployment. The 2019 Budget, presented in February, forecasts that personal income tax will account for nearly 39% of tax collected during the upcoming (2019/20) tax year. Given that we are in an election year and that the tax base is fragile, it’s not surprising that the Finance Minister and the National Treasury avoided direct increases to the statutory tax tables used to calculate PAYE for employees in the budget.

Nonetheless, government has made inflation work in its favour to impose some tax increases by stealth. Here are three ways government is raising more revenue without direct tax increases:

1. Bracket creep

The statutory tax tables used by payrolls and employers have not been changed for 2019/20, nor have the brackets been adjusted for inflation. This effectively amounts to an indirect tax increase that will yield a revenue saving of approximately R12.8 billion for government’s coffers.

It is not unusual for government to use ‘bracket creep’ to effectively raise more revenue. But unlike previous tax years, even low- and middle-income earners are not getting much relief. Rebates and the tax threshold are being increased by small amounts to allow some relief, but many people this year will feel the pain as inflationary salary increases push them into a higher tax bracket.

2. Medical aid credit not adjusted for inflation 

As proposed in the 2018 Budget, the Finance Minister did not apply an inflationary increase to the Medical Tax Credit, which allowed him to raise an extra R1 billion in revenue for the year. Surprisingly, these funds will be allocated to general tax revenue rather than ring-fenced for healthcare. In previous tax years, revenue generated from below-inflation increases on medical scheme credits was used to fund National Health Insurance (NHI) pilot projects.

There is still no clarity on how the NHI is going to be funded except for a general statement that the funding model is a problem for the National Treasury to solve, and that the principles of cross-subsidisation will apply. One wonders if any real progress will be made soon, given the fiscal constraints government faces.

3. Business travel deduction left untouched

The Budget leaves the per-kilometre cost rates used to determine tax deductions for business travel untouched. By not increasing travel rates to account for inflation, government effectively increases income tax collection at the cost of the taxpayer. This will be a blow for people who need to claim from their employers for business travel in their personal vehicles. This change has slipped through largely unnoticed and the budget does not provide numbers for the expected increase in tax revenue.

Closing words

Amid political turmoil and uncertainty, the Finance Minister presented a balanced budget for 2019/20 that offers hope for the future along with some tough love. With government taking steps to accelerate economic growth and improve revenue collection, we should hopefully see a steady improvement in government finances, which will translate into less pressure on the taxpayer in future years.

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SMEs: Staying On The Right Side Of The Taxman

Remaining SARS compliant can be a constant challenge for small- to medium-enterprises (SMEs), especially when they are trying to focus on growing their businesses and streamlining their operations.

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EasyBiz Managing Director, Gary Epstein, says submitting taxes can be a seamless process that does not have to take up more time than is necessary. “If business owners understand what is required of them and they put a few processes into place to deal with their tax submissions properly, their lives will be so much easier.”

What are the top three considerations for SMEs when submitting tax returns?

“Firstly,” says Epstein, “SARS returns must be accurate and submitted in terms of the relevant Act. Secondly, returns should be submitted and paid on time to avoid unnecessary penalties and interest, and thirdly, business owners must follow up on queries issued by SARS. “Do not ignore these queries, act on them as soon as possible”.

What are the major SARS submission deadlines for SMEs?

Epstein points out that small business owners need to adhere to various tax deadlines, each with their own particular dates for submission. “It is important that business owners diarise the dates (and set advance reminders for themselves) and/or enlist the services of an accountant or financial adviser to help them keep abreast of requirements.”

Value-added tax (VAT)

VAT payments need to be submitted in the VAT period allocated to the business, according to various categories and ending on the last day of a calendar month. This may mean making payments once a month, once every two months, once every six months or annually, depending on the category.

Provisional taxes

Provisional tax should be submitted at the end of August (first provisional) and at the end of February (second provisional) – for February year-end companies.

Employee taxes

In addition to submitting an annual reconciliation (EMP501) for the period 1 March to end of February for Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE), Skills Development Levy (SDL) and Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF), employee tax, in the form of an EMP201 return, needs to be submitted by the seventh of every month.

When can SMEs get extensions and is it worth it?

Epstein says SMEs can apply for various extensions, but these are subject to the Income Tax Act and Tax Administration Act.

“It is best for SMEs to consult their tax professionals to get advice regarding extensions for their businesses.”

What is SARS not flexible about?

SARS is not flexible when it comes to late returns and late payments.

“I cannot stress enough how important it is for SME owners to ensure their tax returns are submitted on time. In this way, they will avoid the inconvenience and expense of additional fines and interest,” notes Epstein.

What skills do SMEs need in their organisations to be able to submit to SARS efficiently?

Business owners often don’t have the time or expertise to deal with tax submissions throughout the year. If the business cannot afford to employ a full-time accountant or financial services expert, it would do well to outsource its tax requirements to a registered tax practitioner.

“I would recommend that even if they are not submitting the tax returns themselves, business owners should have a broad understanding of the tax regulations and what is expected of them. There is a lot of helpful information on the various Acts and tax requirements on SARS’ website,” says Epstein.

How does the right software help SMEs remain SARS compliant?

SME’s (and their accountants’) jobs can be made easier by using reliable accounting software to calculate accurate VAT reports. These reports are only as accurate as the data entered into them, which means care needs to be taken when inputting data into the accounting programme. Epstein says a good accounting software package must be reliable, easy to use and functional.

“SMEs need to check that the software has thorough reporting capabilities and can interface with other software solutions. Of course, it is also important to find out whether the software is locally supported by the vendor or not.”

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4 Dangers Of Business Under-insurance

A common short-term insurance peril that many SMEs face when submitting a claim following an insured event is the risk of being underinsured.

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Malesela Maupa, Head of Products and Insurer Relationships at FNB Insurance Brokers says, many small business owners mistakenly believe that by merely having a short-term insurance policy in place they are adequately protected against unforeseen events.

“This is technically correct provided that the business is covered for the full replacement value of the items insured. However, in circumstances where the sum insured does not cover the full replacement value or material loss of the item insured, the business is underinsured,” explains Maupa, as he unpacks the dangers of business underinsurance:

1. Financial loss

The most common risk is financial loss on the part of the business. If the business is underinsured or the indemnity period understated, the short-term insurance policy will only pay out the sum insured for the stated indemnity period as stated in the schedule, with the business owner having to provide for the shortfall. This often leads to cash flow challenges, impacting profit margins or rendering it difficult for the business to recover following the financial loss.

2. Reputational damage

Should an underinsured business not have sufficient funds to replace a key business activity or critical component following a loss, this may impact its ability to fulfil its contractual obligations, leading to a loss of business or market share, and irreparable reputational damage in the worst-case scenario.

3. Legal action

A small business also faces the risk of customers or clients taking legal action against it, should it fail to deliver on goods and services following a loss or be unable to honour its financial commitments that they committed to prior to the loss.

4. Survival of the business

A catastrophic event such as fire, which could result in the loss of stock or company equipment and documentation, could threaten the survival of a small business that is not yet fully established, if the business assets are not adequately insured.

Working with an experienced short-term insurance broker or insurer is essential when taking up short-term insurance to ensure that business contents are covered for their full replacement value.

Furthermore, depending on the nature of the business or item insured, the policy should be reviewed on a regular basis to avoid underinsurance as the value of items often change overtime due to fluctuations in economic activity. Where it’s necessary, evaluation certificates need to be kept up to date.

“Lastly, SMEs should ensure that the sum insured does not exceed the replacement value, which would lead to over insurance. Should a business submit a claim following a loss, the insurer would only pay out the replacement value, regardless of the higher sum insured,” concludes Maupa.

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