Two thirds of JSE-listed companies assessed on behalf of the JSE by global investment research provider EIRIS (with their local partner at the University of Stellenbosch Business School), fulfil the base requirements to become a constituent of the exchange’s Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) Index.
The exchange has released the findings of the 2011 annual SRI Index review (which reviewed 109 companies, including the JSE’s biggest) which aims to encourage integrated risk management among companies and to prompt investors to use responsible investment strategies.
Climate change a significant challenge
The announcement was made in Durban in parallel to the 17th Conference of the Parties on climate change (COP 17). JSE Director of Government and International relations, Geoff Rothschild, commented at the event that “The JSE recognises climate change as being one of the most significant sustainability challenges facing us at this time. There is a need for anyone who considers themselves a responsible global citizen to make the necessary changes towards a more sustainable existence in order to safeguard the future of both our species and the planet.”
The SRI Index comprises listed companies which meet criteria related to their environmental, social and governance (ESG) policies, management practices and reporting. The first of its kind in an emerging market, and a leader worldwide, the index’s intention is two-fold: to encourage companies to operate responsibly and transparently and to prompt institutions to consider ESG factors when evaluating potential investments. Following its inception in 2004, the SRI Index has become a significant benchmark for broad-based environmental, social and governance practice amongst local listed companies.
Companies embracing change
“We remain impressed with how willing companies are to seriously engage on issues. The increasing depth of discussion and extent of company responses supplied affirm that companies now see ESG principles as very much a part of normal business practice, and this is reflected in this year’s SRI Index composition,” says Corli Le Roux, Head of the JSE SRI Index.
In the 2011 SRI Index review –
- 109 companies were assessed, 9 for the first time;
- 83 of those assessed submitted detailed profiles and responses. This response rate is particularly high, both in local and global terms;
- 67.9% of the total assessed companies qualified for the SRI Index, with a resulting Index constituency of 74 companies;
- Three companies are in the Index for the first time;
- 22 companies have been identified as best performers, meeting a higher threshold than in 2010;
- Three of these qualified as best performers for the first time.
With consistent strong performance in relation to social and governance issues, environmental practices remain a hurdle for companies, despite demonstrating improvement in this year’s review. The higher climate change entry threshold for 2011 also proved a challenge.
The mining and banking sector continue to perform well, and this year all companies in the sectors for Construction & Materials, General Financial, Industrial Metals and Life Insurance qualified.
Dovetailing off these results, the JSE commissioned a study into the extent to which leading South African companies are tackling climate change. The research focused on the ‘Top 40’ large cap South African companies listed on the JSE SRI index.
The analysis reveals encouraging signs of progress through improved governance, better strategies and more disclosure on climate change. Overall, 95% of companies analysed demonstrate at least some form of response to climate change. But only 30% of the companies analysed have demonstrated reductions in their operational GHG emissions over the past few years.
Says Le Roux: “The JSE ‘Top 40’ companies have certainly made some progress on climate change to date. However, much more still needs to be done to reduce their own climate change impacts and to better plan for how they will operate in a world that has been altered by climate change.”
Conclusions of the JSE Top 40 Climate Change Report are:
- 73% of JSE Top 40 companies demonstrate a good overall response to climate change;
- 95% of companies published commitments on climate change and have senior staff responsible for the issue;
- 60% of companies have set short-term GHG emissions targets, but only 23% have set long-term targets, leaving considerable room for improvement;
- 95% of companies are disclosing absolute CO2 emissions and 85% are disclosing normalised emissions;
- 30% of companies have reduced CO2 emissions over the last few years;
- 35% of companies have linked performance on climate change to manager’s remuneration;
- Mining and banks sectors – the two largest sectors amongst the JSE Top 40 – demonstrate a high quality response to climate change overall.
Le Roux concludes: “From the JSE’s perspective, the priority for the SRI Index in 2011 has been strengthening investor relationships, particularly with fellow signatories of the PRI (Principles for Responsible Investment). Going forward, our focus will be to expand the availability of analysis on company performance from the SRI Index process, an area which has been highlighted as a need for investors to strengthen their engagement with and investment in companies. Through the evolution of the SRI Index the JSE aims to continue to identify opportunities to encourage transparency and responsibility in relation to ESG concerns.”
The JSE, a central player in the local economy, sees itself as influencer and regulator of listed companies. Its sustainability activities include company regulation (the Listings Requirements include a requirement to apply King III or explain where this has not occurred), investment tools (such as the SRI index and customised products), sustainability advocacy and a growing focus on internal sustainability.
5 Businesses You Should Start in 2019
Here’s the lowdown on consumer and technology opportunities in 2019 and beyond.
Savvy entrepreneurs should keep a close watch on consumer and technology trends in 2019. This, according to Silvertree Internet Holdings Co-founder and MD, Manuel Koser. Having invested in and grown a number of highly successful South African brands (among them Faithful-to-Nature.co.za, UCOOK.co.za, Pricecheck.co.za, CompareGuru.co.za, Petheaven.co.za, Cybercellar.com, and CarZar.co.za). Silvertree’s management team sees several business opportunities set to grow exponentially over the coming decade.
Here’s the lowdown on consumer and technology opportunities in 2019 and beyond.
1. Indigenous and ethical: Personal and home care products
2019 Sees growing potential for personal care products – ‘Those with local and indigenous ingredients, ethical sourcing which is kind to nature and the body,’ Koser explains. ‘There is a lot of room to play in the African haircare market particularly, as it’s often overlooked by the major FMCG companies.’
The Silvertree MD also sees increasing room for innovative natural home cleaners as consumers become increasingly environmentally conscious. ‘Until now, it was all about the well-known cleaning products the major chemical manufacturers put on the shelves. Now, there’s increasing space for new, exciting entrants.’
2. New beverages
‘Locally-sourced ingredients and an earth-first mindset will also play an increasing role in the consumer beverage market. Add to this the fact that major soft drink manufacturers will struggle to produce drinks for increasingly health-conscious consumers. They’re often just not quick enough to adjust to changing consumer tastes – particularly the tastes of millennials. Think less about a standard fizzy drink, but rather one that’s kind to the body, with natural ingredients. Non-alcoholic: water plus, say, cucumber, or another indigenous ingredient. The market for this will grow.’
3. Ethical snacking
Plant-based, vegan, ancient grains, ethical, protein-rich snacks – these are just some of the trends Koser sees dominating in the snack segment in 2019 and beyond. It’s about unique, tasty, functional foods that cater to the modern, time-starved consumer, Koser explains.
4. Buy, sell and compare online
In the technology space, marketplaces, e-commerce sites and classifieds will all gain momentum in 2019 and beyond. This encompasses aggregators as well as more unusual online businesses, which are increasingly able to find and reach consumers interested in niche products and services.
‘Consider an online ice-cream business. Once, something like that would have been unthinkable,’ Koser explains. ‘But as consumers demand greater choice, room for niche products like this grows.’
Yet, dabble online and seamless execution and delivery become make-or-break factors. ‘Many South African consumers use services such as Google, Amazon, Uber and Spotify daily – world-class products that function on a global scale. You can call an Uber and wait for just two minutes before getting a ride,’ Koser explains. ‘It’s quick and totally seamless. Consumers have come to expect that level of service across the board. Aligned to this is the fact that the millennial wave is currently hitting Cape Town right now, and Joburg secondarily, meaning a number of opportunities are opening up. Go after products and services in the right space and consumers will follow.’
5. Reinvent the wheel – and make it better
The final type of business entrepreneurs should keep an eye on is those that currently have low Net Promoter Scores. ‘This means that very few people like them, or the services they provide are of very poor quality,’ Koser explains. ‘Think of postal service providers or telecoms companies. With any monopolistic or oligopolistic structures, the service is often terrible because the heavyweights hold so much power. There’s a huge gap here.’
An allied approach for entrepreneurs is to assess opportunities for automation, or cutting out the middleman with technology. ‘Once, many markets – such as real estate were opaque, meaning you needed a middleman to help you transact. However, as the capabilities of technology have grown, markets have become far more transparent – making it easier for buyers to match with sellers safely. Today, a lot of this is easy to automate services – think about connecting a homeowner to a prospective renter through a digital solution where renters can be qualified, for example, in terms of their finances, personal information and criminal records. Quick and simple. And no middleman.’
The biggest opportunities here centre around where consumers spend the greatest amounts of time and money, Koser notes. ‘Housing and rent are always major costs. In terms of where consumers spend their time, on the other hand, much of it is, on a mobile phone, or PC.’
However, entrepreneurial success is never down to any one magic formula, Koser emphasises. Nor does Silvertree invest in prospective entrepreneurs solely on the basis of the product or service they offer. ‘It’s about passion, perseverance and tenacity as much as it is about the quality of the product.’
Silvertree Internet Holdings is an investment growth partner who aims to understand, grow and scale business, consumer and digital brands to unlock the brands’ exponential growth.
What To Watch For In Tito Mboweni’s First Budget Speech
By Rob Cooper, tax expert at Sage, and chairman of the Payroll Authors Group of South Africa.
Finance Minister, Tito Mboweni, delivers his first Budget Speech on 20 February at a difficult time for the South African economy. Even though President Cyril Ramaphosa has done much to restore business confidence in his first year in office, GDP growth remains weak, government finances are in relatively poor shape, and renewed load shedding is hurting business confidence.
Judging from his Medium-Term Budget Policy Statement in October last year, I expect Minister Mboweni — backed by the team in the National Treasury—to deliver a relatively cautious budget. Much of the focus will be on refinancing the state-owned enterprises and putting them back on to a sustainable footing.
We probably won’t see much in the way of radical thinking since the room for manoeuvre is so limited. Click each header below for an indepth video on the upcoming topics.
Renewal of the country’s public healthcare system with a mandatory health insurance fund and free healthcare at the point of need has been the ANC government’s policy for years, but progress has been slow to date. There isn’t much money in the country’s coffers to fund something as ambitious as NHI, yet the government will want to show that it is advancing the concept ahead of the elections.
With an NHI bill to be tabled in Parliament soon, we could learn more about how NHI will be funded in this year’s Budget Speech — it’s still not clear whether we will pay for it through payroll taxes, VAT increases or other fundraising measures. As an initial step, we could see medical aid tax credits reduced (or at least not adjusted for inflation) to free up some funding for the NHI.
The ETI Act came into effect on 1 January 2014; as a fan of this incentive, I was delighted that President Ramaphosa announced that it will be extended for 10 years another decade in his state of the nation address. However, I have also long argued that the scheme is not performing to its true potential because it is so complex for payroll managers to administer.
The introduction of the national minimum wage adds even more complexity— until and unless the ETI Act is amended, SARS is of the opinion that the National Minimum Wage will not qualify as a “wage regulating measure”. I hope the Budget Speech will announce steps to align the ETI with the national minimum wage and take other measures to simplify administration.
I don’t expect any major increases to corporate or personal income tax this year since the taxpayer doesn’t have much more to give. I think the top 45% rate will remain unchanged, while tax bracket creep relief (to compensate for inflation) will be limited to lower income earners. It seems unlikely that the Minister will increase VAT again this year, given last year’s increase.
That means the Minister is likely to look at ‘moral’ taxes (sin and sugar taxes) to raise more money; we can expect another steep increase in the fuel levy. Perhaps we’ll also hear about efforts to improve SARS’ revenue collection after several years of under-performance. The agency seems ripe for a turnaround strategy, with high-powered team looking for a permanent chief to take the reins at SARS.
Follow us on @SageGroupZA on 20 February 2019 for LIVE expert insights from the annual Budget Speech.
For more information about Sage’s annual tax seminars, please visit: https://get.sage.com/PRL_19Q1_C4L_ZA_EVCU_NPS_AnnualPayrollTaxSeminar2019
Top SA Entrepreneurial Competition Praises Sector Optimism And Calls For 2019 Entries
Entrepreneurs interested in entering the competition can enter online here.
Even in the face of ongoing sluggish growth, exacerbated by widespread allegations of corruption and muted domestic economic activity, South African entrepreneurs remain overwhelmingly optimistic. This was revealed in the Real State of Entrepreneurship Survey 2018, which found that the vast majority of over 1000 business owners surveyed feel very positive about the business climate and outlook for the 12 months ahead.
It is these resilient individuals who will have their deserved time to shine in the 2019 Entrepreneur of the Year® competition sponsored by Sanlam and BUSINESS/PARTNERS, says Kobus Engelbrecht, spokesperson for the competition, who says entries for the renowned competition – now in its 31st year – are officially open.
Entrepreneurial competitions of this nature, however, serve a greater purpose than just celebrating South Africa’s spirited self-starters, notes Engelbrecht.
“Credible platforms such as the Entrepreneur of the Year® competition also act to inspire the next generation of budding entrepreneurs, who have the potential to drive real economic growth at a time where the country needs it most.”
Engelbrecht refers to the World Bank’s recent downward revision of South Africa’s projections for economic growth in 2019 to just 1.3% – 0.6% lower than the South African Reserve Bank’s earlier prediction of 1.9% in November.
“Despite these challenging economic conditions, year on year we still find exceptional entrepreneurs who continue to identify gaps in the market and transform these into viable businesses.
“It is our aim, through this long-standing competition platform, to continually recognise, encourage and support the hard-working entrepreneurs who continue to do well despite the challenges they are faced with. We use the competition to convey our appreciation for the role they play in inspiring others to venture into the world of business,” he says.
In addition to offering valuable mentorship support, networking opportunities and national media exposure, Engelbrecht says that the2019 Entrepreneur of the Year® competition, sponsored by Sanlam and BUSINESS/PARTNERS, offers prizes valued at over R 2 million, which includes cash prizes of R 70 000 for each main category winner, and R200 000 for the overall winner.
“All South African businesses are eligible to enter this competition, and prizes will be awarded across six categories, namely: Overall Entrepreneur of the Year®; Emerging Business Entrepreneur of the Year®; Small Business Entrepreneur of the Year®; Medium Business Entrepreneur of the Year®; Job Creator of the Year; and Innovator of the Year.”
Entrepreneurs interested in entering the competition can download entry forms online at www.eoy.co.za as well as interact with fellow entrepreneurs and entrants on the competition’s social media platforms www.twitter.com/@EOY_SA and www.facebook.com/EOY.SA. The closing date for the competition is 31 May 2019.
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