Symantec Corp. today announced the results of the November 2011 Symantec.cloud Intelligence Report which saw South Africa move into the top five geographies globally for virus rate which this month jumped to 1 in 222,5 emails blocked as malicious. The survey also saw South Africa maintain top position as the most targeted geography for phishing with 1 in 96,2 emails identified as phishing.
This month’s analysis also reveals that the global number of daily targeted attacks has increased four-fold compared to January this year. On average 94 targeted attacks were blocked each day during the month of November.
“The aim of these targeted attacks is to establish persistent access to the targeted organisation’s network, in many cases with the aim of providing remote access to confidential data. They have the potential to cause serious damage to an organisation and in the long term represent a significant threat against the economic prosperity of many countries,” said Mark Smissen, business development manager, Symantec.cloud.
“Targeted attacks are designed to gather intelligence, steal confidential information or trade secrets, and disrupt operations or even destroy critical infrastructure.”
The public sector has been identified as the most frequently targeted industry during 2011, with approximately 20,5 targeted attacks blocked each day. The chemical and pharmaceutical industry was second highest ranked, with 18,6 blocked each day. In this latter case, many of these attacks surfaced later in the year. Similarly, this is also the case for the manufacturing sector, which was placed third most-targeted with approximately 13,6 attacks blocked each day.
“It is important to remember that without strong social engineering, or ‘head-hacking,’ even the most technically sophisticated attacks are unlikely to succeed. Many attacks include elements of social engineering and are based on information we make available ourselves through social networking and social media sites. Once the attackers are able to understand our interests or hobbies, with whom we socialise and who else may be in our networks; they are often able to construct more believable and convincing attacks against us,” Smissen said.
While targeted attacks are on the increase, the global spam rate has now reached its lowest level in three years. The effect of spam volumes three years ago was very dramatic and spam accounted for 68,0% of global emails. Recently the decline has been much slower, but spammers have also adapted to using more targeted approaches and exploiting social media as alternatives to email. Pharmaceutical spam is now at the lowest it has been since we started tracking it, accounting for 32,5 % of spam, compared with 64,2% at the end of 2010.
November 2011 highlights:
Spam: The global ratio of spam in email traffic fell by 3,7 percentage points since October to 70,5 percent (1 in 1,42 emails).
70,1 percent of email traffic in South Africa was spam.
Phishing: The global phishing rate increased by 0,04 percentage points, taking the average to one in 302,0 emails (0,33 percent) that comprised some form of phishing attack.
Globally, South Africa stays in the top position with one in 96,2 emails identified as phishing.
Email-borne Threats: The global ratio of email-borne viruses in email traffic was one in 255.8 emails (0,39 percent), a decrease of 0,03 percentage points since October 2011. Further analysis also shows that 40,2 percent of email-borne malware contained links to malicious Web sites, an increase of 20,1 percentage points since October 2011.
November saw South Africa jump to the top five list with one in 222,5 emails blocked as malicious.
- In the US, 69,9 percent of email was spam and 69,5 percent in Canada.
- The spam level in the UK was 69,5 percent.
- In The Netherlands, spam accounted for 70,5 percent of email traffic, 70,1 percent in Germany, 70,4 percent in Denmark.
- In Australia 68,6 percent of email was blocked as spam, 69,2 percent in Hong Kong and 68,0 percent in Singapore, compared with 66,6 percent in Japan.
- Spam accounted for 70,1 percent of email traffic in South Africa and 74,3 percent in Brazil.
- South Africa once again became the country most targeted for phishing attacks, with one in 96,2 emails identified as phishing.
- The UK was the second most targeted country, with one in 167,0 emails identified as phishing attacks.
- Phishing levels for the US were one in 461,8 and one in 242,4 for Canada.
- In Germany phishing levels were one in 426,2, one in 781,5 in Denmark and one in 250,4 in The Netherlands.
- In Australia, phishing activity accounted for one in 361,0 emails and one in 517,0 in Hong Kong; for Japan it was one in 2,058 and one in 609,7 for Singapore.
- In Brazil one in 775,3 emails was blocked as phishing.
- The UK remained at the top of the table with the highest ratio of malicious emails in November, with one in 149,4 emails identified as malicious.
- Switzerland had the second highest rate, with one in 185,6 emails identified as malicious.
- In South Africa returned to the top-5 list this month with one in 222,5 emails blocked as malicious.
- Virus levels for email-borne malware in the US reached one in 360,1 and one in 219,9 in Canada. In Germany virus activity reached one in 275,0, one in 710,5 in Denmark and in The Netherlands one in 238,2.
- In Australia, one in 326,2 emails was malicious and one in 325,8 in Hong Kong. For Japan the rate was one in 1,147, compared with one in 450,0 in Singapore.
- In Brazil, one in 570,6 emails in contained malicious content.
The November Symantec Intelligence Report provides greater detail on all of the trends and figures noted above, as well as more detailed geographical and vertical trends.
The Workspace And MiWay Announce Entrepreneur Competition
To celebrate their collaboration at Village Road, The Workspace and MiWay are launching a competition for South Africa’s entrepreneurs that will see the winner/s given a major advantage to further grow their business.
Space solutions and coworking specialist, The Workspace, and insurance company, MiWay, recently joined forces at The Workspace’s premises in Village Road, Selby where they have launched an entrepreneurial hub and business development programme in the Johannesburg CBD.
The competition is open to entrepreneurs based in South Africa who have valid identification documents, who run a business with four or less employees and are making an impact in their industry.
“We have always believed in assisting entrepreneurs and small business owners who are members of The Workspace community in whatever way we can. This entrepreneur competition takes it to the next level, giving a voice to our belief in entrepreneurship and its ability to create jobs,” says Mari Schourie, CEO of The Workspace.
Morné Stoltz, head of Business Insurance at MiWay, says both companies are committed to upliftment initiatives and economic development. “The entrepreneur competition is a call to action to those vibrant entrepreneurs out there. Start-ups always need a bit of a hand-up and the winner of this one will have a serious advantage once the competition has gone through its paces,” he said.
Schourie and Stoltz agree they’re looking for an entrepreneur who has reinvented the way business is done in his/her industry. “Someone who has been innovative in the product or service being offered to the market,” says Schourie.
“We are looking for an entrepreneur who has or is busy creating a special environment where employees can flourish, and in the process, potentially creating more jobs,” Stoltz adds. “An entrepreneur who makes an impression on the judges due to aspects such as the business’ social impact, attitude, positive entrepreneurial outlook and a good business mind”.
The prize on offer – worth over R230 000 – will help set-up the winning entrepreneur for a period of 12 months, giving them a boost to help build their business.
All information on the Entrepreneur Competition is available on The Workspace website, including criteria, terms and conditions, and of course, the prizes.
For queries, please email firstname.lastname@example.org
Budget 2018/9: 3 Key Tax Areas To Look Out For In The Speech
High political drama in the opening weeks of Parliament aside, most South African business and personal taxpayers are expecting tax hikes across the board from the Finance Minister’s Budget Speech on 21 February.
As we approach #Budget2018 day, Rob Cooper (tax expert and Director of Legislation at Sage, and chairman of the Payroll Authors Group of South Africa)has a few thoughts about what the Minister could clarify in his statement.
Government already faces a yawning budget deficit, aggravated by the need to find billions of rand to fund a new and unbudgeted-for commitment to free tertiary education.
While some spending cuts could help to release funds, we can expect a one to two percentage point increase in VAT, steep hikes to fuel levies and sin taxes, higher capital gains taxes, and perhaps even personal income tax hikes for high income earners. We’re also likely to get more info on new taxes such as the carbon tax.
Personal taxpayers, with the exception of low-income earners, should probably not expect the Finance Minister to adjust personal income tax brackets and rebates to fully cater for the effect of inflation. In other words, even if your salary is worth less as a result of inflation, you should probably not be hoping for your effective tax rate to come down to compensate.
Here are three other things I’m looking out for in this year’s budget, each of which will have a major effect for employees and employers alike:
1. National Health Insurance
One of the big will-he-or-won’t-he questions the Finance Minister faces this year is whether to do away with the modest tax credit taxpayers receive for their medical aid payments. Government is eyeing an estimated R25 billion in funds from scrapping these tax credits, to be used to fund the incoming National Health Insurance scheme.
Many of us expected Minister Malusi Gigaba to announce this move in his Mid-Term Budget Speech in October 2017, but he held back. The move is likely to be contentious since a National Treasury analysis shows that 56% of the total credits claimed in 2014-2015 accrued to around 1.9 million taxpayers with a taxable income below R300,000.
In other words, the medical aid credit makes decent healthcare affordable to millions of people who might not otherwise be able to afford it. Taking it away could have dire consequences for the health of millions of lower income South Africans and put even more strain on an already pressurised public healthcare system.
Related: Budget Speech: The Impact on SMEs
2. Travel reimbursements and allowances
Travel reimbursements have long been a pain point for many employers and employees. Up to 28 February 2018, a portion of an employee’s travel costs was treated as remuneration when:
- The per-kilometre rate used to calculate the travel reimbursement was greater than the SARS-prescribed rate per kilometre.
- An employee is reimbursed for more than 12,000 business kilometres are reimbursed during the tax year.
- The reimbursement value was greater than the prescribed maximum number of business km (12 000 km for 2018) multiplied by the prescribed rate per kilometre (R3,55 for 2018).
The result was that skills development levies and UIF contributions were added to something that should be considered as an operational cost rather than a payroll cost. This in turn increased the employer’s cost of employment. These levies and contributions were not assessed at the end of the tax year, so employers could not claim a refund.
We have long argued this regulation should be changed to be fairer to employers and employees alike. As a first step in the right direction, SARS has announced a simplification of the travel allowance and the travel reimbursement provisions, with effect from 1 March 2018.
Under this change, only the portion of the value of the travel expenses reimbursed at a rate above the ‘prescribed’ rate per kilometre will be treated as remuneration. However, in future, we would like to see SARS handle travel reimbursements in the same way as it treats subsistence allowances for employees when they travel.
The excess portion of the subsistence allowance will be taxed on assessment, but it is not remuneration for the purposes of Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE), skills development levies and UIF.
3. Employment Tax Incentive
I’m a fan of the Employment Tax Incentive (ETI) as an innovation geared towards addressing South Africa’s youth unemployment crisis, and the decision to extend the programme until the end of the 2019 tax year is welcome. However, administration of the scheme has always been complex for SARS and employers alike, a factor that has made some companies hesitate to take advantage of it.
Though SARS and the National Treasury have tweaked the ETI over the years, I would welcome further simplification of the definitions and calculations. That said, I don’t expect much news about the ETI this year, apart from alignment with the National Minimum Wage expected to be introduced from 1 May 2018.
Follow us on @SageGroupZA on 21 Feb for LIVE expert insights from the annual Budget Speech.
For more information about Sage’s annual tax seminars, please visit: http://go.sage.com/NPS_18Q1_C4L_ZA_EVCU_HR0310_20thAnnualPayrollTaxSeminarLP
Pregnancy: What Are Employee’s Rights?
From the 12-16 is Pregnancy Awareness Week and a labour law expert talks about rights around pregnancy for employees and employers.
Anticipating the birth of a baby is an exciting time for soon-to-be parents, but it can be stressful for couples as they negotiate companies’ leave policies and a possible reduction of income.
Jennifer Da Mata, Managing Director of Strata-G Labour Solutions, says employees need to familiarise themselves with their employers’ policies to ensure they understand what their rights are. “According to South Africa’s Basic Conditions of Employment Act (BCEA), female employees have the right to four consecutive months’ unpaid maternity leave.
“An employee may commence maternity leave any time from four weeks prior to the expected date of birth, or on a date determined by a medical practitioner or midwife as necessary for the protection of the employee or unborn baby’s health.
“The balance of leave needs to be taken after the baby is born, bearing in mind that no employee may work for six weeks after the birth of the baby, unless a medical practitioner or midwife certifies the employee is fit to resume her duties,” adds Da Mata.
There is no provision in South Africa’s legislation that stipulates when employees need to inform employers that they are pregnant. Employees must, however, notify their employers in writing on when they intend to commence maternity leave and when they expect to return to work.
Da Mata notes that some companies offer paid maternity leave, but this is at their own discretion. “Companies may offer employees full pay or a portion of their salary, as they see fit, but they are not legally obliged to do so. Employees who are not remunerated while on maternity leave are entitled to claim maternity benefits through the Department of Labour.”
And what about paternity leave?
According to Da Mata, employees are not entitled to paternity leave in terms of the BCEA, although one of the major amendments proposed to this Act includes making provision for paternity leave. “It is proposed that 10 consecutive days’ paternity leave be granted to a father following the birth of a child.
“Some companies have already adopted paternity leave as part of their human resource policies. We urge companies that haven’t done so yet, to keep the proposed amendments in mind when reviewing their internal company policies,” he says.
Currently, fathers are entitled to three days paid family responsibility leave during each annual leave cycle for the birth of a child. However, it is likely that this leave entitlement will be replaced by the proposed paternity leave amendments. “While the 10 days leave is great news for fathers, it will take a huge chunk out of their salary if paternity leave is ultimately promulgated as unpaid leave,” says Da Mata.
As a matter of precaution employees need to ensure that their employers have registered them for Unemployment Insurance benefits. This will allow them to receive some benefit while on maternity or paternity leave. “Sections 34 and 37 of the Unemployment Insurance Act, 1966 (Act 30 of 1966), provide for the payment of maternity leave and legislative amendments will be proposed to Cabinet to improve these benefits,” explains Da Mata.
It is important for employers to note that in terms of section 187 (1) (e) of the Labour Relations Act, 1995, the dismissal of an employee on account of her pregnancy, intended pregnancy, or any reason related to her pregnancy, is automatically unfair. The definition of dismissal in section 186 of the Labour Relations Act, 1995, includes the refusal to allow an employee to resume work after she has taken maternity leave in terms of any law, collective agreement or her contract.
Da Mata says employers cannot unfairly discriminate against employees based on their pregnancy status. “If someone is dismissed for being pregnant, the dismissal may be held to be automatically unfair and the employee will be able to claim reinstatement or up to 24 months’ compensation in the labour court.
“Our advice to clients is to adhere to South Africa’s Labour legislation, be clear on their policies about maternity and paternity leave and consider the benefits of being on the right side of the law. This will ultimately cultivate a happy and productive workforce,” concludes Da Mata.
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